Image for Yellow Birch

Yellow Birch

Scientific name

Betula alleghaniensis


Yellow Birch is a native deciduous tree species that can grow up to 25 m in height. The bark is thin, flaky, shiny, and can be brownish-yellow, bronze, or silvery colored. The leaves are deep greenish-yellow, simple, alternately arranged, oval shaped, have doubly serrated edges, and are about 8-11 cm long. This tree species produces catkins in April-May, which are slim, cylinder shaped, yellowish brown flower clusters. In the Fall, seed pods are produced that are brown colored, cone shaped, and break apart easily. Yellow Birch is a slow growing tree but can live up to 150 years. This tree species is beneficial to wildlife species like birds and mammals.

Planting conditions

Yellow Birch grows best in moist conditions with partial sun exposure. It prefers well-drained, organically rich loam soil types. This tree species is shade tolerant but may grow better with partial sun exposure. It can be found naturally in moist forests or along river, stream, or lake shorelines.


  • Plant height:
    • Any
    • Over 3m
  • Moisture level:
    • Normal
    • Moist
    • Flood Tolerant
  • Light conditions:
    • Partial sun
    • Shade
  • Soil type:
    • Loamy
  • pH:
    • Acidic
    • Basic
    • Normal
  • Depth:
    • Potted
  • Eco Zone:
    • 3a
    • 3b
    • 4a
    • 4b
    • 5a
    • 5b
    • 6a
    • 6b
  • Plant type:
    • Tree
  • Height:
    • 25 m
  • Spread:
    • 3 m