Image for Western White Pine

Western White Pine

Scientific name

Pinus monticola


The Western White Pine is a large, long-lived coniferous tree species that can grow up to 60 m in height and live over 400 years. The bark is dark grey in colour, has vertical grooves, and has rectangular scaly plates. The needles appear in bunches of five, are 5-10 cm long, are blueish green in colour, and have a white line on the surface. The seed cones are long, slender, 20 cm long, and have thin flexible scales. Western White Pine provides valuable food and habitat to wildlife species like birds and mammals.

Planting conditions

Western White Pine grows best in moist to dry conditions with full sun exposure. It can grow in a range of soil types with a normal pH level. This tree is tolerant of drought and nutrient poor soil. It is also very tolerant of frost. However, it is intolerant of shade. Western White Pine can be naturally found along river shorelines, open forests, and flat slopes.


  • Plant height:
    • Any
    • Over 3m
  • Moisture level:
    • Dry
    • Normal
    • Moist
    • Drought Tolerant
  • Light conditions:
    • Full sun
  • Soil type:
    • Sandy
    • Loamy
    • Rocky
  • pH:
    • Acidic
    • Normal
  • Depth:
    • Potted
    • Bareroot
  • Eco Zone:
    • 3a
    • 3b
    • 4a
    • 4b
    • 5a
    • 5b
    • 6a
    • 6b
    • 7a
    • 7b
  • Plant type:
    • Tree
  • Height:
    • 60 m
  • Spread:
    • 3 m