Image for Undergreen Willow

Undergreen Willow

Scientific name

Salix commutata


The Undergreen Willow is a deciduous shrub species that can grow up to 3 m tall. This plant may also be known by the common names: Powderface Willow or Variable Willow. The leaves are green, narrowly oblong shaped, hairy on both sides, and grow up to 10 mm long. The flowers are long and narrow, upright, brownish catkins, which are covered in white hairs and appear between May and June. The catkins are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. The root system is valuable for erosion control. As with many Willow species, this plant is very flood tolerant.

Planting conditions

Undergreen Willow grows best moist or wet areas with full or partial sun exposure. This shrub can also survive in drier soil and shaded areas. It can grow in a variety of soil types with a normal pH level. This plant can be naturally found in wet forests, forest edges, wet grasslands, prairies, the bottom of slopes/ditches, around marshes or swamps, and along river or lake shorelines.


  • Plant height:
    • Max 3m
    • Any
  • Moisture level:
    • Dry
    • Normal
    • Moist
    • Wet
    • Flood Tolerant
  • Light conditions:
    • Full sun
    • Partial sun
    • Shade
  • Soil type:
    • Sandy
    • Loamy
    • Clay
    • Humus
    • Rocky
  • pH:
    • Acidic
    • Normal
  • Depth:
    • Potted
    • Bareroot
  • Eco Zone:
    • 2a
    • 2b
    • 3a
    • 3b
    • 4a
    • 4b
    • 5a
    • 5b
  • Plant type:
    • Shrub
  • Height:
    • 3 m
  • Spread:
    • 2 m