Image for Staghorn Sumac

Staghorn Sumac

Scientific name

Rhus typhina


The Staghorn Sumac is a hardy, wide spreading shrub species which typically grows 4-8m. The name is derived from its thick branches that resemble the antlers of a male deer or a stag. This species produces compound leaves which can contain up to 31 serrated, feather-like leaflets with an opposite arrangement. These leaves turn a rich red during autumn. The Staghorn Sumac produces cone-like clusters of small yellow/green flowers, which give way to crimson red berries that are covered in fine hairs. The Staghorn Sumac is easily recognized by its branches which are covered in fine hairs resembling velvet. The trunk of this species is normally branchless, until it opens up into a short, wide crown at the top. The branches also secrete a pale milky sap when broken. Staghorn Sumac is a highly tolerant species and may be found in open areas along roadsides, shorelines, and forest edges.

Planting conditions

Plant in full sun. Grows on open, often disturbed sites, typically on dry, rocky or sandy soil.


  • Plant height:
    • Any
    • Over 3m
  • Moisture level:
    • Dry
    • Normal
    • Moist
    • Drought Tolerant
  • Light conditions:
    • Full sun
    • Partial sun
  • Soil type:
    • Sandy
    • Loamy
    • Rocky
  • pH:
    • Normal
  • Depth:
    • Potted
    • Bareroot
  • Eco Zone:
    • 4a
    • 4b
    • 5a
    • 5b
    • 6a
    • 6b
    • 7a
    • 7b
  • Plant type:
    • Shrub
  • Height:
    • 4-8m
  • Spread:
    • 3m