Image for Red Pine

Red Pine

Scientific name

Pinus resinosa


Red Pine is a coniferous tree species that typically grows about 20 m in height but can grow over 30 m. The bark is scaly and gray coloured with reddish pink tinges. The needles are yellowish green to dark green coloured, long and stiff, appear in bundles of two, and snap easily when bent. The seeds are produced in light brown, oval shaped cones. The pine cone seeds are beneficial to wildlife species, like birds and small mammals. The roots can useful for controlling erosion and stabilizing shorelines. Fallen pine needles can increase soil acidity over time, which may reduce other plant species in the area.

Planting conditions

Red Pine grows best in dry to normal conditions with full sun exposure. It prefers well-drained sand or loam areas but can grow well in a variety of soil types. It is tolerant of deer grazing, steep slopes, wind, drought and dry soil once established. It is intolerant of shade, salt, and urban pollution. This tree can be naturally found in sandy slopes, rocky ridges, open forests, or sandy upland shorelines.


  • Plant height:
    • Any
    • Over 3m
  • Moisture level:
    • Dry
    • Normal
    • Drought Tolerant
  • Light conditions:
    • Full sun
  • Soil type:
    • Sandy
    • Loamy
    • Rocky
  • pH:
    • Acidic
    • Normal
  • Depth:
    • Potted
    • Bareroot
  • Eco Zone:
    • 1a
    • 1b
    • 2a
    • 2b
    • 3a
    • 3b
    • 4a
    • 4b
    • 5a
    • 5b
    • 6a
    • 6b
    • 7a
    • 7b
    • 8a
  • Plant type:
    • Tree
  • Height:
    • 20-30 m
  • Spread:
    • 2 m