Image for Grand Fir

Grand Fir

Scientific name

Abies grandis


The Grand Fir is a fast growing coniferous tree species that can grow between 30 and 75 m in height. The bark is gray, turns brown with age, have reddish furrows and long flat ridges. The needles are flat, shiny, dark green colour, have blunt tips, have a citrus like fragrance, and have white stomata bands on the undersides. The seed cones are upright, cylindrical shaped, and emerge light green coloured, changing to a yellowish brown. This tree is beneficial to wildlife species for nesting and feeding, like birds and small mammals. The roots can useful for controlling erosion and stabilizing shorelines. This tree is the tallest known Fir species, hence the common name.

Planting conditions

The Grand Fir grows best in moist conditions with full or partial sun exposure. It prefers rich, well-drained alluvial soil types. It is tolerant of slightly acidic soil, shade, moderate drought, and deep moist soil. This tree species can be naturally found in moist, shaded forests and along shaded riparian areas.


  • Plant height:
    • Over 3m
  • Moisture level:
    • Normal
    • Moist
  • Light conditions:
    • Full sun
    • Partial sun
  • Soil type:
    • Sandy
    • Loamy
  • pH:
    • Acidic
    • Normal
  • Depth:
    • Potted
  • Eco Zone:
    • 6a
    • 6b
    • 7a
    • 7b
    • 8a
    • 8b
  • Plant type:
    • Tree
  • Height:
    • 50m
  • Spread:
    • 3m