Image for Early Blue Violet

Early Blue Violet

Scientific name

Viola adunca


Early Blue Violets is a small, perennial wildflower species that typically grows about 10 cm in height. This plant may also be known by the common names: Hookedspur Violet, Western Dog Violet, or Sand Violet. The leaves are small, round to oval shaped, light green, and appear on branching stems. The flowers are pale to deep purple coloured, have a white patch, have five petals, have purple veins on the lower petals, white beards on the side petals, and bloom between May and June. The flowers are attractive to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. This plant is poisonous to humans and may cause nausea if consumed.

Planting conditions

Early Blue Violet grows best in moist to normal conditions with full or partial sun exposure. It can grow well in a variety of soil types and in neutral to slightly acidic pH levels. It is tolerant of drought, shade, and salinity. It is intolerant of competition and is easily overtaken by other aggressive plants. This wildflower can be naturally found in meadows, open forests, and along stream or lake shorelines.


  • Plant height:
    • Max 1.5m
    • Max 2m
    • Max 3m
    • Any
  • Moisture level:
    • Dry
    • Normal
    • Moist
  • Light conditions:
    • Full sun
    • Partial sun
    • Shade
  • Soil type:
    • Sandy
    • Loamy
    • Clay
    • Rocky
  • pH:
    • Acidic
    • Normal
  • Depth:
    • Wildflower
  • Eco Zone:
    • 2a
    • 2b
    • 3a
    • 3b
    • 4a
    • 4b
    • 5a
  • Plant type:
    • Wildflower
  • Height:
    • 10 cm
  • Spread:
    • 50 cm