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Douglas Fir

Scientific name

Pseudotsuga menziesii


The Douglas Fir is a large, long lived, coniferous tree species that typically grows about 70 m in height and lives for 500 years or more. The bark is thick, gray and corky. The needles are dark green, flat, about 4 cm long, and have white banding on the undersides. Seed cones are 8-10 cm long, dark red in colour, and have distinctive, unique bracts. This tree is considered an adaptable and low maintenance tree species, commonly used in landscaping. It is also a good species for creating privacy or a windbreak.

Planting conditions

Douglas Fir grows best in normal to moist conditions with full sun. It can grow in a variety of soil types and normal to acidic pH levels. Douglas Fir may be intolerant of shade and nutrient poor soils. This tree may be naturally found in wet forests or in moist mountain areas.


  • Plant height:
    • Any
    • Over 3m
  • Moisture level:
    • Normal
    • Moist
  • Light conditions:
    • Full sun
  • Soil type:
    • Sandy
    • Loamy
    • Clay
    • Rocky
  • pH:
    • Acidic
    • Normal
  • Depth:
    • Potted
  • Eco Zone:
    • 2b
    • 3a
    • 3b
    • 4a
    • 4b
    • 5a
    • 5b
    • 6a
    • 6b
    • 7a
    • 7b
    • 8a
  • Plant type:
    • Tree
  • Height:
    • 70 m
  • Spread:
    • 3 m