Image for Basswood


Scientific name

Tilia americana


American Basswood is a large, deciduous tree, growing to a height of 18-22 m. American Basswood may also be referred to as American Linden, Whitewood, bee-tree, bast-tree, Lime-tree, or Spoonwood. Basswood trunks usually grow in clumps of 3 or more, but can also grow as a single, straight trunk in forested conditions. The young bark is smooth and pale grey, turning dark greyish brown with blocky ridges as the tree matures. The leaves are alternate, dull green in colour, 12-15 cm long, and have a deeply heart-shaped base. The fragrant yellow flowers have 5 petals, grow in drooping clusters, and bloom in July. A nut-like capsule develops after flowering and matures in September-October. The nutlets are a food source for small mammals, such as chipmunks, squirrels, and mice. Pollinator species like bees also enjoy the flowers, as they are one of the few species of trees that bloom in mid summer.

Planting conditions

American Basswood will grow in dry to moist soils and prefers a well-drained, rich loamy soil. It prefers soils with a neutral pH. American Basswood thrives in full sun or part shade conditions. American Basswood can naturally be found growing in forests, woodlands, and along streams and ravines.


  • Plant height:
    • Any
    • Over 3m
  • Moisture level:
    • Dry
    • Normal
    • Moist
    • Drought Tolerant
  • Light conditions:
    • Full sun
    • Partial sun
  • Soil type:
    • Loamy
  • pH:
    • Normal
  • Depth:
    • Potted
    • Bareroot
  • Eco Zone:
    • 5a
  • Plant type:
    • Tree
  • Height:
    • 18-22 m
  • Spread:
    • 15 m