Image for Balsam Fir

Balsam Fir

Scientific name

Abies balsamea


The Balsam Fir is a medium-sized coniferous tree, which can tolerate a wide range of shade, soil and moisture conditions. This species is a large conical tree with resin blisters on older trunks. Balsam Firs produce sticky, dark, upright and erect cones which shed seeds during the fall, while cone structures remain on the tree. Balsam Firs have shallow roots and have been known to blow over easily. This species produces leaves which are alternate, flat and narrow. Their dark green needles have rounded or notched tips, splayed in two ranks on the twig.

Planting conditions

Plant on disturbed, open sites and fields.


  • Plant height:
    • Any
    • Over 3m
  • Moisture level:
    • Normal
    • Moist
  • Light conditions:
    • Full sun
    • Partial sun
    • Shade
  • Soil type:
    • Sandy
    • Loamy
  • pH:
    • Acidic
    • Normal
  • Depth:
    • Potted
    • Bareroot
  • Eco Zone:
    • 1a
    • 1b
    • 2a
    • 2b
    • 3a
    • 3b
    • 4a
    • 4b
    • 5a
    • 5b
    • 6a
    • 6b
  • Plant type:
    • Tree
  • Height:
    • 10-25m
  • Spread:
    • 5m