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Baldhip Rose

Scientific name

Rosa gymnocarpa

Description

Baldhip Rose is a long-lived, deciduous shrub species that typically grows between 0.5 and 1.5 m in height. This plant may also be known by the common names: Woods Rose, Dwarf Rose, or Little Wild Rose. The stems have many soft, weak prickles. The leaves are alternately arranged, pinnately compound, have 5-9 leaflets, have serrated margins. The flowers are small, solitary, pale pink to rose colored, have five petals, and bloom between May and July. The fruits are small, bright red, pear shaped berries, called rose hips. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, including bees and butterflies. The fruit are beneficial to many wildlife species because they persist throughout the winter. This is the shortest rose in the Northwestern provinces, hence the common name Dwarf Rose. It is hardy, easy to grow, and low maintenance. The roots are good for controlling erosion and stabilizing shorelines. Native Roses may grow aggressively and are valuable for filling in un-vegetated areas.

Planting conditions

Baldhip Rose grows best in dry to moist conditions with full or partial sun exposure. It prefers well-drained, loam soil types with neutral pH and moderate fertility. This is one of the few native rose species that can tolerate shade. It is also moderately tolerant of drought and salinity. This plant can be naturally found in open and shaded forests, along forest edges, or in meadows and grasslands.

Details

  • Plant height:
    • Max 1.5m
    • Max 2m
    • Max 3m
    • Over 3m
  • Moisture level:
    • Normal
    • Moist
  • Light conditions:
    • Full sun
    • Partial sun
    • Shade
  • Soil type:
    • Sandy
    • Loamy
  • pH:
    • Normal
  • Depth:
    • Potted
    • Bareroot
  • Eco Zone:
    • 3b
    • 4a
    • 4b
    • 5a
    • 5b
    • 6a
    • 6b
    • 7a
  • Plant type:
    • Shrub
  • Height:
    • 1 m
  • Spread:
    • 2 m