The Warrick Property

243 Muldrew Lake, Muldrew Lake

Planting plan created by Muskoka Watershed Council
Survey Date: 09/12/2018 Planting Date: 09/27/2020

Funded by • Restore Your Muskoka Shore • Great Lakes Guardian Community Fund •

Schedule A:

Plants & Property

Land Characteristics

This planting plan is designed based on the land characteristics identified during the day of the site visit. Plants are chosen according to the soil and light conditions on your property. The number of plants chosen for each planting compartment takes into account the square metre area of the space, as well as the amount of current vegetation cover. Your property is part of ecoZone: 4b

Land Characteristics by Compartment

Length Width Area pH Soil Moisture Light Height
A 10m 4m 40m2 acidic, normalsandy, loamynormalpartial sun, shademax 2m
B 5m 2m 5m2 acidicsandy, humusdrypartial sun, shademax 2m
C 5m 1m 5m2 acidicsandydrypartial sun, shademax 2m
D 5m 5m 25m2 acidicsandynormal, moistpartial sun, shademax 2m
E 3m 2m 3m2 acidicsandydrypartial sun, shadeany
F 2m 2m 2m2 acidicsandydrypartial sun, shadeany
G 0m 0m 0m2 acidicloamynormalpartial sunmax 1.5m
H 0m 0m 0m2 acidicsandy, humusdrypartial sunmax 2m
30m 2m 80m2

Plant Selection Summary

The following shrubs and trees are chosen for their suitability and survivability given the current soil and light conditions in each compartment on your property, as well as preferable features.

Plant Species ABCDEFGH Potted Bareroot Wildflower
Blue Vervain 21 3
Wild Bergamot 12 3
New England Aster 21 3
White Heath Aster 21 3
Sweet Oxeye 333 9
Purple Coneflower 2 2
Pearly Everlasting 1 1
Oswego Tea (Red Bergamot) 3 3
Chokecherry 13 4
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed 3 3
Blue Flag Iris 3 3
Yarrow 2 2
Tamarack 1 1
Black Elderberry 1 1
Speckled Alder 1 1
White Birch 2 2
Mountain Maple 3 3
Black Willow 1 1
Ostrich Fern 3 3
Subtotal 13710113133 16 0 35
Totals 51

Plant Information

The following table summarizes key information about each plant selected for your property.

Blue Vervain
Blue Vervain
Height: 1.5 m
Blue Vervain is a perennial wildflower species that grows about 1.5 m in height. It has a slender, upright form with reddish-green coloured, rough-haired stems. Its leaves are oppositely arranged, lance-shaped, and on short petioles with large serrations along the edge. Occasionally, there are two lobes present at the base of the leaves. The flowers are showy, blueish purple coloured, have five petals, appear on dense spikes at the top of flowering stems, and bloom between July and September. The flowers bloom first at the bottom of the spike, travelling upwards and blooming in bands. This plant spreads well and can form small colonies. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. The seeds are also beneficial to wildlife species, like birds and small mammals.
Wild Bergamot
Wild Bergamot
Height: 1 m
Wild Bergamot is a perennial wildflower species that is member of the mint family and can grow about 1 m tall. Its stems are light green and smooth with abundant branching on the upper half. The leaves are oppositely arranged, broadly lanceolate shaped, 6-10 cm long, and have toothed edges. The also leaves emit a aromatic minty/oregano scent when crushed. The flowers are showy, pink/lavender coloured, appear on the ends of flowering stems, and bloom between July and September. The flowers bloom in the center of the head first, moving outwards creating a wreath. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. This wildflower spreads well and can be used to naturalize un-vegetated areas. The roots can be useful for controlling erosion and stabilizing shorelines.
New England Aster
New England Aster
Height: 2m
New England Aster is a showy perennial wildflower with an average height of about 120 cm but can grow up to 2 m tall. It has a central stem with branching in the upper half covered in fine white hairs. Its leaves clasp these stems as they have no petioles. The basal leaves are spatula-shaped, while the stem leaves are alternate and lance-shaped. The leaves are also covered in soft white hairs. Its showy flowers are clustered at the ends of the central stem and surrounding branches. Each flower is composed of 30+ deep purple ray florets surrounding numerous golden disk florets. These plants excel in moist soils with lots of sun. It is often found along lake shorelines, forest edges, in wet meadows, or in marshes/swamps. New England Aster reproduces and spreads using both achenes, which are dispersed by wind and a rhizomatous root system, allowing this plant to colonize open areas. It is also known to easily colonize recently disturbed areas so could be considered for difficult sites that are hard to grow on. This wildflower species attracts lots of pollinators such as bees and butterflies but rarely attracts wildlife, such as wild turkey, deer, and rabbit.
White Heath Aster
White Heath Aster
Height: 1 m
White Heath Aster is a small wildflower species which can grow up to 1 m tall. This plant has a small, dense, heath-like appearance. It has green to grey, hairy stems with numerous alternate, stemless leaves. Its upper leaves are linear, 1-6 cm long, and have a spine tip. The lower leaves are broadly lanceolate and typically fall off by the time the flowers bloom. At the tops of the stems are short wand-like clusters of small white flowers. Each flower has 12 white ray florets surrounding numerous yellow disk florets. There are also many needle-shaped green bracts along the stem. The flowers give way to small seeds with tufts of hair to help in dispersal as it spreads via seeding and by rhizomatous roots. This wildflower species attracts butterflies and bees, as well as wild turkeys, deer, and rabbits.
Sweet Oxeye
Sweet Oxeye
Height: 2m
Sweet Oxeye, also known as False Sunflower, is an attractive, herbaceous, perennial wildflower, which can grow to almost 2 m tall. The flowers are perched atop a stiff stem, with a brownish-yellow center cone surrounded by bright yellow to orange rays. Leaves are 5-12 cm long and 2-8 cm wide, oppositely arranged along the stem, ovate to lanceolate in shape, and have a toothed margin. This wildflower grows best in moist, well-drained soils, preferring full sun, but will tolerate partial shade. Some common natural habitats for the Sweet Oxeye are prairies, meadows, forest edges, and stream banks. Sweet Oxeye is drought tolerant so could be planted in difficult dry sites, but will grow best with regular watering. A large variety of insect species are attracted to the Sweet Oxeye, making it a great addition to a habitat garden.
Purple Coneflower
Purple Coneflower
Height: 1m
Purple Coneflower is a perennial wildflower that typically grows about 1 m tall. This plant may also be known by the common name Echinacea. The leaves are dark green coloured, alternately arranged, lance shaped with pointed tips, and have serrated margins. The flowers are showy, pale purple to pink, have 15-20 toothed petals, appear atop erect stems, and bloom between June and August. This wildflower spreads well and can be used to naturalize un-vegetated areas. The roots can be useful for controlling erosion and stabilizing shorelines. This flower blooms for long periods. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. The seeds are also beneficial to wildlife species, like birds and small mammals.
Pearly Everlasting
Pearly Everlasting
Height: 1m
Pearly Everlasting is a medium sized wildflower species which grows up to 1 m in height. The leaves are grey-green, long and narrow, simple, and alternately arranged. The flowers are small, white colored with yellow centers, have silvery hue appearance, appear in attractive clusters, and bloom between July and August. It is also a great attractant for the American Lady Butterfly because it is a host for its larvae. Historically, Pearly Everlasting was used as a salve to treat burns, bruises, swelling, and joint pain.
Oswego Tea (Red Bergamot)
Oswego Tea (Red Bergamot)
Height: 50 cm
Oswego Tea is a showy perennial wildflower species that typically grows about 50 cm in height. This plant may also be known by the common names Red Bergamot or Scarlet Beebalm. The leaves are dark green, oval shaped, have a minty fragrance. The unique flowers are bright red and grow in dense rounded clusters, with individual tubular flowers that bloom between May and October. The beautiful flowers of Oswego Tea attract various pollinator species like hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees. The Oswego Tea plant is susceptible to a common fungal disease, called powdery mildew, when planted in dry soils. Historically, the leaves of the plant have been used for antiseptic purposes, as well as poultices to heal minor wounds and skin infections.
Chokecherry
Chokecherry
Height: 6-9 m
The Chokecherry is a large deciduous shrub or small tree which grows between 6 and 9 m tall and is a member of the Rose family. It produces a twisted or crooked trunk as well as a narrow, oval to round crown composed of many slender branches. Leaves are alternately arranged, simple, have a deep green upper surface, and light matte green undersides with tufts of hair at the vein axils. During the fall, foliage turns a vibrant deep red to fire yellow or orange. Between May and June, small showy white flowers grow in cylindrical clusters on the terminal ends of branches. By mid-August, flowers turn into shiny deep red or black cherries, which hang in elongated clusters. The fruit is ripe by September and provides a food source for birds and small mammals. The Chokecherry is often found as pure stands forming thickets, or mixed with other early succession shrub and tree species. This fast-growing plant can quickly invade logged land, abandoned farms, and exposed shorelines. The fibrous and wide-spreading root system of this shrub make it an ideal plant for erosion control and bank stabilization. This species possesses the ability to withstand moderate flooding and drought.
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Height: 1.5 m
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed is a colourful wildflower species that can grow up to 1.5 m tall and can spread about 1 m. It has a plain or spotted purple stem, which is sometimes covered in fine hairs. The leaves are large, lanceolate shaped, have serrated edges, and appear in whorls of 3-5. The flowers are showy, fragrant, bright pink/purple coloured, have 8-20 disk florets, appear in clusters at the top of a flowering stem, and bloom in mid to late summer. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. This plant spreads well and can form small colonies. The roots can useful for controlling erosion and stabilizing shorelines.
Blue Flag Iris
Blue Flag Iris
Height: 0.5 m
The Blue Flag Iris is a showy perennial wildflower that typically grows about 0.5 m in height. This plant may also be known by the common name Harlequin Blue Flag. The leaves are light green, sword-shaped, slightly arched or erect, and appear growing out as a cluster around the base of the plant. The attractive blue flowers start to bloom in the early spring, emerging from a tall flowering stalk that can reach up to 1 m. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. The seeds are also beneficial to wildlife species, like birds and small mammals.
Yarrow
Yarrow
Height: 0.5 m
Yarrow is a small perennial wildflower species that can grow up to 0.5 m in height. The leaves are dark green coloured, pinnately compound, aromatic when crushed, and are feather-shaped, resembling a fern. The flowers are small, creamy white coloured, have yellow honeycomb centers, appear in wide clusters, and bloom between June and September. This flower blooms for long periods. This wildflower spreads well and can be used to naturalize un-vegetated areas.
Tamarack
Tamarack
Height: 20 m
Tamarack is a small to medium sized, deciduous coniferous tree species that grows up to 20 m tall. This plant may also be known by the common name American Larch. The bark is scaly and reddish brown coloured. The needles are delicate, 2-4 cm long, blueish-green coloured, grow in clusters of 15 to 25, and change golden yellow in the fall. This tree provides food and habitat for wildlife species, including birds and mammals. Tamarack is a fast-growing, long lived species that can live up to 150 years and is found across all of Canada. The wood from this tree is decay-resistant and has been used to make railway ties, posts, and crates. Tamarack is considered unique because it is the only conifer species to drop its needles in the fall.
Black Elderberry
Black Elderberry
Height: 4 m
The Black Elderberry is a large, fast-growing, deciduous shrub or small tree. This species tolerates a variety of conditions and is commonly found in sunny locations with well-drained soils. Black Elderberry can be single or multi-stalked with numerous branches creating a full, round body. Leaves are compound, with 5-7 leaflets that grow opposite each other along the branch. During the fall, leaves tend to turn a pale yellow. During late May to early June, this species produces flowers that are ivory white and grow in flat topped clusters. By late August, flowers turn to glossy, deep purple fruit, which attract a variety of wildlife like songbirds and small mammals. Ripe fruit is edible for humans and is commonly made into jams and jellies. The root system of this species is shallow, and can form colonies through suckering.
Speckled Alder
Speckled Alder
Height: 8m
The Speckled Alder is a shrub species which can grow to the size of a tree. This species produces alternate, egg-shaped, and double-toothed leaves with prominent veins. The stem initially begins reddish-brown and hairy, becoming dark brown and hairless with age. The bark also develops prominent orange-white speckles as it matures, hence the common name. The Speckled Alder produces male and female catkins on the same tree. Wingless nutlets drop from the female catkins during autumn. This species is ideal for rehabilitation applications because its roots contain nodules with nitrogen fixing bacteria, which converts nitrogen to a usable form and increases this nutrient in the soil. Speckled Alder requires moist soils and can usually be found in wet organic swamps, along shorelines, and in moist hardwood forests.
White Birch
White Birch
Height: 15-25m
The Paper Birch is a medium-sized, deciduous tree which may also be referred to as White Birch or Canoe Birch. This species produces a sparse, irregular crown which arises from a slender trunk. This tree is best known for distinctive white, horizontally flaking bark, from which its name is derived. The Paper Birch produces light green, egg-shaped, 5-10 cm long leaves alternately arranged. During the fall, the light green foliage turns a bright yellow colour. During the spring, catkins appear and produce winged seed keys which mature and drop between the fall and following spring.
Mountain Maple
Mountain Maple
Height: 3-5m
The Mountain Maple is a mid-sized shrub and the smallest Maple species, ranging from 3-5 m tall. The leaves are a triangular shape with 3-5 lobes each and range from 6-12 cm long and wide in size. The upper side of the leaf is a yellowish green with a pubescent white underside. The leaves also have coarsely and irregularly toothed margins and the leaf petioles are red in colour. The flowers are small, pale yellow to green in colour, and form in dense upright clusters. Both male and female flowers may be found within the same cluster. Vibrant red fruit grows with wings that are about 2-3 cm long. Mountain Maple prefers full sun and moist soil conditions ranging from clay to sandy loam. The natural habitats of the Mountain Maple are woodlands, swamps/marshes, and rocky bluffs. This shrub is very important for riparian edges as it is great for preventing erosion on stream banks and steep slopes using its dense layered root system.
Black Willow
Black Willow
Height: 20 m
Black Willow is the largest native Willow species within North America. This species is considered to be a small to medium sized tree, typically growing 10-20 m in height, with a broad, spreading, and irregular crown. The trunk is large, crooked, often forked or sprouting, and covered in a dark black or brown scaly bark. The leaves are narrow, lance shaped, alternately arranged, and have finely toothed margins. Small green or yellow flowers bloom on catkins during the spring. By mid-summer, flowers turn into a cottony fruit. The Black Willow is a fast growing tree, reaching maturity within 30 years. It has a significant, shallow, spreading root system, which makes it an excellent tree to plant for erosion control and to stabilizing loose soil along shorelines. However, as with most Willows, do not plant near septic system, sewers, or wells because the roots can cause damage.
Ostrich Fern
Ostrich Fern
Height: 1.5 m
The Ostrich Fern is a coarse, erect to arching perennial fern, that can grow up to 1.5 m in height. The stems are clustered and arching while the leaves are ostrich-plume shaped, widest near top, and very gradually narrowed to the base. The size of the leaves grow up to 1.5 m long and 12-40 cm wide, with around 40 pairs of leaflets or pinnae. The leaflets are long, narrow-pointed, and ascending. The leaves are fertile, with spore clusters on the undersides of sub-leaflets.

Compartment A

Naturalization Area

Pearly everlasting placeholder for Silver Sage Wormwood
  • pH: acidic, normal
  • Depth: potted, wildflowers
  • Moisture: normal
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: max 2m
  • Light conditions: partial sun, shade
Blue Vervain
2
Wild Bergamot
1
New England Aster
2
White Heath Aster
2
Sweet Oxeye
3
Purple Coneflower
2
Pearly Everlasting
1

Compartment B

Naturalization Area

Heath Aster represents Sky Blue Aster
  • pH: acidic
  • Depth: potted
  • Moisture: dry
  • Soil Type: sandy, humus
  • Plant Height: max 2m
  • Light conditions: partial sun, shade
Wild Bergamot
2
New England Aster
1
White Heath Aster
1
Oswego Tea (Red Bergamot)
3

Compartment C

Naturalization Area

Yarrow placeholder for Boneset
  • pH: acidic
  • Depth: potted
  • Moisture: dry
  • Soil Type: sandy
  • Plant Height: max 2m
  • Light conditions: partial sun, shade
Blue Vervain
1
Chokecherry
1
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
3
Blue Flag Iris
3
Yarrow
2

Compartment D

Naturalization Area

Mountain Maple placeholder for Mountain Ash
  • pH: acidic
  • Depth: potted
  • Moisture: normal, moist
  • Soil Type: sandy
  • Plant Height: max 2m
  • Light conditions: partial sun, shade
Sweet Oxeye
3
Tamarack
1
Black Elderberry
1
Speckled Alder
1
White Birch
2
Mountain Maple
3

Compartment E

Naturalization Area

  • pH: acidic
  • Depth: potted
  • Moisture: dry
  • Soil Type: sandy
  • Plant Height: any
  • Light conditions: partial sun, shade
Sweet Oxeye
3

Compartment F

Naturalization Area

Black Willow placeholder for Black Walnut
  • pH: acidic
  • Depth: potted
  • Moisture: dry
  • Soil Type: sandy
  • Plant Height: any
  • Light conditions: partial sun, shade
Black Willow
1

Compartment G

Naturalization Area

  • pH: acidic
  • Depth: potted
  • Moisture: normal
  • Soil Type: loamy
  • Plant Height: max 1.5m
  • Light conditions: partial sun
Ostrich Fern
3

Compartment H

Naturalization Area

  • pH: acidic
  • Depth: potted
  • Moisture: dry
  • Soil Type: sandy, humus
  • Plant Height: max 2m
  • Light conditions: partial sun
Chokecherry
3

Schedule B

Financial Summary

Project by: Muskoka Watershed Council


Shoreline Re-Naturalization Starter Kit includes: free site visit, customized re-naturalization planting plan for your shoreline property, native plants including free bare root (small) and potted (large) plants and wildflowers, coconut fibre pads to deter grass from growing around new plantings, tree guards for all deciduous trees, mulch for your wildflowers, Plant Care Guide with instructions on how to take care of your new plants, Habitat Creation Guide and a Wildflower Garden Guide.

Our planting plans are created onsite with you and provide detailed information and plans to re-naturalize your shoreline property. We take photos of areas for planting and overlay native plants that are well suited to your property based on site conditions such as soil type and sunlight availability.

We will work with you to create a plan that works for you including options for low growing plants in areas where views are important.


Warning: A non-numeric value encountered in /home/watersheds/naturaledge.watersheds.ca/wp-content/themes/natural-edge/template-parts/plan-parts/plan-financial-starter.php on line 33
Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Starter Kit fee $250
Free potted plants 16 $0 $0
Free bareroot plants $0 $0
Free wildflowers 15 $0 $0
Paid wildflowers 20 $6.00 $120.00
Total costs $370.00

Schedule C

Project Agreement

Stewardship Agreement

Please indicate your agreement to this proposed plan by signing the following Stewardship Agreement and submitting it, along with your financial contribution, to:

Muskoka Watershed Council
70 Pine Street Bracebridge, Ontario P1L 1N3

Plant Availability

Please note that plant species may need to be changed based on plant stock availability at the time of ordering.

Project Completion

Upon receiving your signed stewardship agreement and financial contribution, a date will be booked to complete the project. Watersheds Canada will supply all plants, materials, and planting labour. If there are particular dates that you would prefer, we will do our best to accommodate your requests.

The Natural Edge Stewardship Agreement with Muskoka Watershed Council

Agreement made this            Day of the Month of            in the Year           .

BETWEEN Wanda Warrick, 243 Muldrew Lake, Gravenhurst, Ontario, (Hereinafter called the OWNERS)

AND Muskoka Watershed Council, 70 Pine Street Bracebridge, Ontario P1L 1N3, (Hereinafter called MWC)

WHEREAS the Owners and MWC have met and discussed plans for shoreline naturalization on the specified area(s) in Schedule A existing on the Owners’ land;
WHEREAS the Owners indicate approval of the project as proposed; and
WHEREAS the project is, or will be for the benefit of the Owners and others;

1. This Agreement shall be in effect for a period of 5 years, commencing with the date of this Agreement.

2. The Owners and MWC agree that the areas where the work is to be performed is as described in Schedule A.

3. The Owners grant MWC, its contractors, employees and agents, the right to enter the property to perform the work agreed upon as outlined in Schedule A. In addition, MWC, its contractors, employees and agents may inspect the work performed for the purposes of monitoring the project and survival assessment, with prior agreement with Owners for date and time of inspection.

4. The Owners agree to contribute the “Landowner contribution (0% of eligible costs)” and pay the costs indicated in Schedule B.

5. In instances where the Owners are to pay MWC for work to be performed (outlined in Schedule A), the Owners agree to provide payments to MWC prior to the commencement of that operation. Failure of payment shall constitute a breach of this Agreement and the Owners agree this Agreement will be terminated and thereupon the Owners agree to pay MWC the estimated costs of the operations of the project completed, if any.

6. The Owners agree, if necessary, to perform a reasonable amount of maintenance, which is described in the Native Plant Care Guide, available at watersheds.ca.

7. If the contractor is required to perform the work outlined in Schedule A, then the contractor carrying out the work on the land described will be required to take out and furnish evidence of a comprehensive policy of public liability and property damage coverage. The contractor and their workers will be required to be in good standing with the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board prior to performing the work.

8. The Owners agree not to remove, destroy or alter the project without prior consultation and approval of MWC. Pruning and trimming planted nursery stock, or adding replacement native nursery stock is exempt.

9. The Owners agree not to mow the planted area.

10. The Owners do acknowledge that MWC, its contractors, employees and agents, having performed said works, are not under further obligation with respect to survival of nursery stock, inspection, or maintenance.

11. The Owners, in the absence of negligence, hereby remises, releases and forever discharges MWC, its contractors, employees and agents from all claims and demands for injuries, including death, loss, damages and costs in any way related to or connected with installation and maintenance of the work described or resulting from any deleterious effects of the work to the land or to the lands and buildings thereon retained by the Owners.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties have agreed to the contents of this plan; SIGNED:

Muskoka Watershed Council

Representative Signature:

This is your organizational representative's signature.

Wanda Warrick

Owner Signature:

About this program

About Muskoka Watershed Council

MWC is a volunteer-based non-profit organization with the mandate to champion watershed health. MWC is comprised of representatives from a wide range of stakeholders and has been providing a coordinated and science-based voice on issues affecting the environmental quality of our watersheds since 2001.


This program was created by Watersheds Canada

We believe that every person has the right to access clean and healthy lakes and rivers in Canada. At Watersheds Canada, we work to keep these precious places naturally clean and healthy for people and wildlife to continue using for years to come. We love working with others to meet the needs of local communities, whether you’re a concerned citizen, a landowner, a lake association looking for help, or a coalition of groups interested in activating your local community.