Naim

44 Fennel Crescent, Cherry Valley, Lake Ontario

Planting plan created by Watersheds Canada
Survey Date: 06/09/2019 Planting Date: 11/08/2019

Funded by • Ontario Trillium Foundation •

Schedule A:

Plants & Property

Land Characteristics

This planting plan is designed based on the land characteristics identified during the day of the site visit. Plants are chosen according to the soil and light conditions on your property. The number of plants chosen for each planting compartment takes into account the square metre area of the space, as well as the amount of current vegetation cover. Your property is part of ecoZone: 6b

Land Characteristics by Compartment

Length Width Area pH Soil Moisture Light Height
A 7m 2m 14m2 normalsandy, loamynormal, moistfull sun
B 3m 1m 3m2 normalsandy, loamynormal, moist, wetfull sunmax 1.5m, max 2m
C 3m 2m 6m2 normalsandy, loamynormal, moist, wetfull sunmax 1.5m, max 2m
D 7m 8m 56m2 normalsandy, loamynormal, moist, wetfull sunmax 1.5m, max 2m
E 7m 8m 56m2 normalsandy, loamynormal, moist, wetfull sunmax 1.5m, max 2m
F 30m 2m 60m2 normalsandy, loamynormal, moist, wetfull sunmax 1.5m, max 2m
G 25m 2m 50m2 normalsandy, loamynormal, moist, wetfull sunmax 1.5m, max 2m
H 13m 2m 26m2 normalsandy, loamynormal, moist, wetfull sunmax 1.5m
I 2m 1m 2m2 normalsandy, loamymoistfull sunmax 2m
J 6m 2m 12m2 normalsandy, loamymoist, wetfull sunmax 3m
K 10m 2m 20m2 normalsandy, loamymoist, wetfull sunmax 3m
113m 2.91m 305m2

Plant Selection Summary

The following shrubs and trees are chosen for their suitability and survivability given the current soil and light conditions in each compartment on your property, as well as preferable features.

Plant Species ABCDEFGHIJK Potted Bareroot Wildflower
White Spruce 3 3
Sweet Gale 25572 21
Highbush Cranberry 55 10
Swamp Rose 2234 11
New England Aster 5 5
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet 3082 15 25
Silver Maple 1 1
Dense Blazing Star 5 5
Balsam Fir 2 2
Fly Honeysuckle 2 2
Blue Lupine 7 7
Purple Coneflower 6 6
Swamp Milkweed 5 5
Red Osier Dogwood 1011 21
Nannyberry 55 10
Subtotal 377121031172151521 55 66 28
Totals 149

Plant Information

The following table summarizes key information about each plant selected for your property.

White Spruce
White Spruce
Height: 20m
The White Spruce is a hardy, coniferous tree species that grows up to 20 m in height. This species has a relatively uniform form with bark that is loose, scaly, and grayish brown. The needles are about 2 cm long and blueish green in color. The cones are 5-7 cm long, cigar-shaped, and have smooth margin scales. The bark of White Spruce is smooth and light grey when young, turning dark grey and scaly upon maturation. This tree species is very adaptable and can grow in most soil types, moisture levels, and sunlight exposures. This tree is important for providing food and shelter to wildlife species including deer, porcupines, birds, and small rodents. White spruce is a long lived tree species, and usually lives 250-350 years old. However, individuals have been seen that have lived up to 1000 years old.
Sweet Gale
Sweet Gale
Height: 1-2m
Sweet Gale is a medium-sized shrub which grows into a thick bush about 1-2 m tall. This species produces 1-8 cm long, oblong-lanceolate leaves which are finely toothed at the tip and are spirally arranged. When bruised, these leaves give off a pleasant aroma. Male and female catkins are produced on separate plants. The seeds are dispersed from the female plants via water, as they float on two corky bracts. Sweet Gale grows best in moist or wet conditions, acidic soil, and full to partial sun exposure. It is naturally found in bogs, swamps, marshes, and along wet shorelines. This shrub species has nitrogen fixing bacteria in its root nodules, allowing it to convert nitrogen into a usable form. Thus, Sweet Gale can be used on nutrient poor, acidic sites, which may be difficult to plant on for other species. Additionally, being able to convert nitrogen and add nutrients to the soil can be beneficial for other plants in the area. This shrub also provides a good food source for bird species that eat the seeds including Grouse, Chickadees, and Bluebirds. Mammal species like Beavers and White-Tailed Deer also browse on the twigs and leaves of this plant.
Highbush Cranberry
Highbush Cranberry
Height: 3 m
Highbush Cranberry is a large deciduous shrub species that typically grows about 3 m in height. The branches on this shrub are dense with arching stems, creating a full form. The leaves are oppositely arranged, Maple leaf shaped, have 3 lobes, and have entire or toothed margins. The flowers are showy, creamy white coloured, appear in flat clusters with larger florets surrounding smaller ones, and bloom between May and June. These flowers change into drooping, bright red berry clusters that persist throughout the winter. While the berries are edible to humans, they are very tart when consumed raw so are typically cooked first. This shrub has very attractive fall foliage, changing a reddish purple colour. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. The fruit is beneficial to wildlife species, including birds and small mammals. The root system is extensive, making this shrub valuable for controlling erosion and stabilizing loose soil. This species can be found across Canada from Newfoundland to British Columbia, but is most commonly found in Ontario and Quebec.
Swamp Rose
Swamp Rose
Height: 2m
The Swamp Rose is a beautiful perennial shrub species. It is visually appealing with large pink flowers that last about 6-8 weeks. These flowers have five pink petals, a yellow center, and a pleasant fragrance. This species produces oblong shaped, compound leaves comprised of seven leaflets with serrated edges. The Swamp Rose produces red, round, fleshy fruit called rose hips, which remain on the bush throughout winter. These fruiting bodies provide a winter food source for wildlife, such as Grouse, Black Bears, Deer, and Rabbits. Swamp Rose may be confused with Prickly Wild Rose, which has a similar appearance. However, Swamp Rose can easily be distinguished by the presence of curved thorns, which appear at the nodes of the twigs without any occurring between the nodes. Swamp Rose grows best in moist, rich soils such as swamps and marshy shorelines. However, this species can also tolerate drier, loamy soils.
New England Aster
New England Aster
Height: 2m
New England Aster is a showy perennial wildflower with an average height of about 120 cm but can grow up to 2 m tall. It has a central stem with branching in the upper half covered in fine white hairs. Its leaves clasp these stems as they have no petioles. The basal leaves are spatula-shaped, while the stem leaves are alternate and lance-shaped. The leaves are also covered in soft white hairs. Its showy flowers are clustered at the ends of the central stem and surrounding branches. Each flower is composed of 30+ deep purple ray florets surrounding numerous golden disk florets. These plants excel in moist soils with lots of sun. It is often found along lake shorelines, forest edges, in wet meadows, or in marshes/swamps. New England Aster reproduces and spreads using both achenes, which are dispersed by wind and a rhizomatous root system, allowing this plant to colonize open areas. It is also known to easily colonize recently disturbed areas so could be considered for difficult sites that are hard to grow on. This wildflower species attracts lots of pollinators such as bees and butterflies but rarely attracts wildlife, such as wild turkey, deer, and rabbit.
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
Height: 1-2m
The Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet is an erect, deciduous shrub, which grows in the shape of a mound. This species develops numerous branches and branchlets, giving it a sparse appearance. Leaves produced are simple and narrow with sharply toothed borders growing alternately along the branches. These bright, light green leaves appear crowded, as they grow close together on the stocks and branches. During the fall, leaves turn a yellow-red or yellow-orange colour. Small white to light pink flower clusters appear in the spring growing in a dense, narrow pyramid at the terminal ends of the branches. During late summer to early fall, these flowers produce smooth, papery seed pods.
Silver Maple
Silver Maple
Height: 30m
The Silver Maple is a fast growing, deciduous Maple tree famous for its majestic, mature form. This species has a broad, round crown that sits on top of a tall straight trunk. Its ascending branches give this tree a full, bushy appearance. Silver Maple leaves can be differentiated from other Maple leaves due to the deep notches on their lobes. It has a silvery white colour on its underside in contrast to bright, light green topside. During the fall, the leaves on the Silver Maple turn a reddish orange to bright golden yellow. Between late April and May, inconspicuous, small greenish red flowers bloom and by June turn to yellowish-green or brownish pairs of winged keys. The Silver Maple's shallow, spreading root system and ability to withstand flood and drought make it an excellent tree to utilize for erosion control and shoreline stabilization.
Dense Blazing Star
Dense Blazing Star
Height: 30-60 cm
Dense Blazing Star is a tall clump-forming perennial wildflower species that can grow between 30 and 60 cm. It has an erect central stem (no branching) that is smooth and purplish/green with many grass-like leaves circulating alternately around it. The leaves are long, narrow, and hairy with one noticeable central vein. This plant is very noticeable when in bloom as it has a wand-like spike of purplish/pink flowers at the top of the central stem. The flowers consist of 4-10 disk florets with a tubular corolla that opens up to 5 spreading star-like lobes and a deeply split protruding style. It prefers moist, well-drained areas such as meadows, moist fields, and along river of lake shorelines. It attracts lots of butterflies and pollinators, as well as mammals such as deer and rabbits. Unfortunately, Dense Blazing Star is listed as threatened under SARA in Ontario. It's main threat is habitat loss due to urban development and habitat alteration. It only naturally occurs in southwestern Ontario with 11-13 known populations. Therefore, this is a great species to plant in suitable areas in Ontario to help protect a threatened species.
Balsam Fir
Balsam Fir
Height: 10-25m
The Balsam Fir is a medium-sized coniferous tree, which can reach heights of 10-25 m. Balsam Fir may also be referred to as Canada Balsam, Eastern Fir, or Bracted Balsam Fir. This species of tree is conical in shape, with resin blisters on older trunks. Balsam Firs produce sticky, dark, upright and erect cones which shed seeds during the fall, while cone structures remain on the tree. Balsam Firs have shallow roots and have been known to blow over easily. This species produces needles which are alternate, flat and narrow. Their dark green needles have rounded or notched tips, two white lines underneath, and are splayed in two ranks on the twig.
Fly Honeysuckle
Fly Honeysuckle
Height: 1-2m
The Fly Honeysuckle is a medium-sized deciduous shrub which is naturally found throughout Ontario, Quebec, and Eastern Canada. This perennial shrub is multi-stemmed with thin, woody branches and can be grown so that it resembles a vine species. The Fly Honeysuckle's leaves are light green, simple, and oppositely arranged. Leaves are oval in shape and hairless, except at the margins where fine hairs are visible. This species produces flowers which are bell-shaped, white to yellow in colour, drooping in pairs of two, and bloom during late spring. Flowers give rise to large red-orange berries during late summer, which are a favorite to many songbird species.
Blue Lupine
Blue Lupine
Height: 0.6m
Blue Lupine is a very attractive perennial wildflower that grows to about 50 cm in height. The stem is a green/reddish color and hairy. The leaves are compound with 7-11, palmate leaflets. The flowers are showy, a vibrant blue/violet color, appear on a flowering spike, and bloom between May and July. These flowers produce long brown seed pods. This wildflower is easily grown by seed. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, including hummingbirds. Blue lupine is a nitrogen fixer, converting atmospheric nitrogen into a usable form, therefore adding the nutrient to the soil.
Purple Coneflower
Purple Coneflower
Height: 1m
Purple Coneflower is a perennial wildflower that typically grows about 1 m tall. This plant may also be known by the common name Echinacea. The leaves are dark green coloured, alternately arranged, lance shaped with pointed tips, and have serrated margins. The flowers are showy, pale purple to pink, have 15-20 toothed petals, appear atop erect stems, and bloom between June and August. This wildflower spreads well and can be used to naturalize un-vegetated areas. The roots can be useful for controlling erosion and stabilizing shorelines. This flower blooms for long periods. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. The seeds are also beneficial to wildlife species, like birds and small mammals.
Swamp Milkweed
Swamp Milkweed
Height: 1 m
Swamp Milkweed is a beautiful wildflower species that typically grows about 1 m tall. The leaves are light green coloured, narrow, lance shaped, and oppositely arranged. The flowers are showy, fragrant, bright pink, appear in clusters on flowering stems, and bloom between July and August. The flowers give way to large, long and narrow, brown seed pods, which produce an abundance of seeds with tufts of long, white hairs. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. As with all Milkweeds, the stem exudes a milky sap when broken, however the sap of the Swamp Milkweed is less milky than other species. This sap is critical for caterpillars of the endangered Monarch Butterfly to deter predators.
Red Osier Dogwood
Red Osier Dogwood
Height: 1.5-4m
The Red Osier Dogwood is a medium-sized, deciduous shrub native throughout Northern and Western North America. This species is multi-stemmed with numerous erect and ascending bright red branches that create a loose and spreading form. Leaves produced are simple, two-toned with a dark green upper side and light green underside. They are arranged opposite each other along the branches. During the fall, the foliage turns a brilliant red to dark purple. Clusters of small, creamy white flowers form on the terminal ends of the branches between June and July. The Red Osier Dogwood produces blueish-white fruiting bodies during late summer, which may persist throughout the winter. This shrub's berries provide an important winter food source for numerous species, from large deer to small wintering birds.
Nannyberry
Nannyberry
Height: 3 m
Nannyberry is a large deciduous shrub species that typically grows about 3 m in height. The leaves are dark green, ovate shaped, oppositely arranged, have a pointed tip, and have finely toothed margins. The flowers are showy, white colored, appear in flat topped clusters, and bloom in May. These flowers produce blueish black berries, which are edible to humans and persist throughout the winter. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species , like bees and butteries. The fruit is beneficial to wildlife species, including birds and small mammals. This shrub has attractive fall foliage. The root system is extensive, making this plant valuable for controlling erosion and stabilizing loose soil. This shrub can be pruned to have a single stem and grown as a small tree instead of a shrub.

Compartment A

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: normal, moist
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Light conditions: full sun
White Spruce
3

Compartment B

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: normal, moist, wet
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: max 1.5m, max 2m
  • Light conditions: full sun
Sweet Gale
2
Highbush Cranberry
5

Compartment C

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: normal, moist, wet
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: max 1.5m, max 2m
  • Light conditions: full sun
Sweet Gale
5
Swamp Rose
2

Compartment D

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: normal, moist, wet
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: max 1.5m, max 2m
  • Light conditions: full sun
Sweet Gale
5
Swamp Rose
2
New England Aster
5

Compartment E

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: normal, moist, wet
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: max 1.5m, max 2m
  • Light conditions: full sun
Sweet Gale
7
Swamp Rose
3

Compartment F

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: normal, moist, wet
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: max 1.5m, max 2m
  • Light conditions: full sun
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
5
25
Silver Maple
1

Compartment G

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: normal, moist, wet
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: max 1.5m, max 2m
  • Light conditions: full sun
Swamp Rose
4
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
8
Dense Blazing Star
5

Compartment H

Naturalization Area

Blue and white flowers likes daisy
  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: normal, moist, wet
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: max 1.5m
  • Light conditions: full sun
Sweet Gale
2
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
2
Balsam Fir
2
Fly Honeysuckle
2
Blue Lupine
7
Purple Coneflower
6

Compartment I

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: moist
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: max 2m
  • Light conditions: full sun
Swamp Milkweed
5

Compartment J

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: moist, wet
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: max 3m
  • Light conditions: full sun
Red Osier Dogwood
10
Nannyberry
5

Compartment K

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: moist, wet
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: max 3m
  • Light conditions: full sun
Highbush Cranberry
5
Red Osier Dogwood
11
Nannyberry
5

Schedule B

Financial Summary

Project by: Watersheds Canada


The following section outlines the total cost of your project. It has been divided into 2 sections; 1- Plants and Material, 2- Services. It also includes the breakdown of the landowner contribution and the portion that will be paid by Watersheds Canada, as outlined in the Project Costs Total table.

The Natural Edge program has received generous funding to help support the costs of plants, materials, and project coordination and delivery, making this program possible.

Potted stock

Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
White Spruce 3 $13.00 $39.00
Sweet Gale 21 $13.00 $273.00
Swamp Rose 11 $13.00 $143.00
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet 15 $13.00 $195.00
Silver Maple 1 $13.00 $13.00
Balsam Fir 2 $13.00 $26.00
Fly Honeysuckle 2 $13.00 $26.00
Total Potted plant stock 55 $715.00

Bareroot stock

Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Highbush Cranberry 10 $2.25 $22.50
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet 25 $2.25 $56.25
Red Osier Dogwood 21 $2.25 $47.25
Nannyberry 10 $2.25 $22.50
Total Bareroot plant stock 66 $148.50

Wildflower stock

Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
New England Aster 5 $8.00 $40.00
Dense Blazing Star 5 $8.00 $40.00
Blue Lupine 7 $8.00 $56.00
Purple Coneflower 6 $8.00 $48.00
Swamp Milkweed 5 $8.00 $40.00
Total Wildflowers plant stock 28 $224.00

Tending materials

Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Mulch 149 $0.95 $141.55
Tree guards (deciduous only) 1 $1.50 $1.50
Total Tending materials $143.05

Totals

1-Plants and materials
Bareroot plant stock $148.50
Potted plant stock $715.00
Wildflower plant stock $224.00
Tending materials $143.05
Plants & Materials $1,230.55
2-Services Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Watersheds Canada's Site visit (Site visit in-kind) 1 on 06/09/2019 $150.00 $0.00
Plant stocking 149 $2.00 $298.00
Mulching & tree guard installation 149 $1.50 $223.50
Shipping & handling of materials $25.00
Planting plan $350.00
Project management and delivery $400.00
Administration fee $100.00
Services total $1,396.50
Total Project Costs Subtotal
Total project value (including in kind contributions) $2,555.05
Total eligible costs (excluding in kind contributions) $2,627.05
Watersheds Canada's contribution (75% of eligible costs) $1,970.29
Landowner contribution (25% of eligible costs) $656.76

Schedule C

Project Agreement

Stewardship Agreement

Please indicate your agreement to this proposed plan by signing the following Stewardship Agreement and submitting it, along with your financial contribution, to:

Watersheds Canada
115-40 Sunset Blvd. Perth ON K7H 2Y4

Plant Availability

Please note that plant species may need to be changed based on plant stock availability at the time of ordering.

Project Completion

Upon receiving your signed stewardship agreement and financial contribution, a date will be booked to complete the project. Watersheds Canada will supply all plants, materials, and planting labour. If there are particular dates that you would prefer, we will do our best to accommodate your requests.

The Natural Edge Stewardship Agreement with Watersheds Canada

Agreement made this 24th Day of the Month of September in the Year 2019.

BETWEEN Jutta Naim, 44 Fennel Crescent, Cherry Valley, Ontario, (Hereinafter called the OWNERS)

AND Watersheds Canada, 115-40 Sunset Blvd. Perth ON K7H 2Y4, (Hereinafter called WC)

WHEREAS the Owners and WC have met and discussed plans for shoreline naturalization on the specified area(s) in Schedule A existing on the Owners’ land;
WHEREAS the Owners indicate approval of the project as proposed; and
WHEREAS the project is, or will be for the benefit of the Owners and others;

1. This Agreement shall be in effect for a period of 5 years, commencing with the date of this Agreement.

2. The Owners and WC agree that the areas where the work is to be performed is as described in Schedule A.

3. The Owners grant WC, its contractors, employees and agents, the right to enter the property to perform the work agreed upon as outlined in Schedule A. In addition, WC, its contractors, employees and agents may inspect the work performed for the purposes of monitoring the project and survival assessment, with prior agreement with Owners for date and time of inspection.

4. The Owners agree to contribute the “Landowner contribution (25% of eligible costs)” and pay the costs indicated in Schedule B.

5. In instances where the Owners are to pay WC for work to be performed (outlined in Schedule A), the Owners agree to provide payments to WC prior to the commencement of that operation. Failure of payment shall constitute a breach of this Agreement and the Owners agree this Agreement will be terminated and thereupon the Owners agree to pay WC the estimated costs of the operations of the project completed, if any.

6. The Owners agree, if necessary, to perform a reasonable amount of maintenance, which is described in the Native Plant Care Guide, available at watersheds.ca.

7. If the contractor is required to perform the work outlined in Schedule A, then the contractor carrying out the work on the land described will be required to take out and furnish evidence of a comprehensive policy of public liability and property damage coverage. The contractor and their workers will be required to be in good standing with the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board prior to performing the work.

8. The Owners agree not to remove, destroy or alter the project without prior consultation and approval of WC. Pruning and trimming planted nursery stock, or adding replacement native nursery stock is exempt.

9. The Owners agree not to mow the planted area.

10. The Owners do acknowledge that WC, its contractors, employees and agents, having performed said works, are not under further obligation with respect to survival of nursery stock, inspection, or maintenance.

11. The Owners, in the absence of negligence, hereby remises, releases and forever discharges WC, its contractors, employees and agents from all claims and demands for injuries, including death, loss, damages and costs in any way related to or connected with installation and maintenance of the work described or resulting from any deleterious effects of the work to the land or to the lands and buildings thereon retained by the Owners.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties have agreed to the contents of this plan; SIGNED:

Watersheds Canada

Representative Signature:

This is your organizational representative's signature.

Jutta Naim

Owner Signature:

About this program

About Watersheds Canada

Watersheds Canada is a non-profit organization and registered Canadian charity committed to working with landowners, communities, and organizations to protect lakes and rivers through developing effective, transferable, and long-term solutions.


This program was created by Watersheds Canada

We believe that every person has the right to access clean and healthy lakes and rivers in Canada. At Watersheds Canada, we work to keep these precious places naturally clean and healthy for people and wildlife to continue using for years to come. We love working with others to meet the needs of local communities, whether you’re a concerned citizen, a landowner, a lake association looking for help, or a coalition of groups interested in activating your local community.