Bauer

200 Murray Road, Elgin, Opinicon Lake

Planting plan created by Watersheds Canada
Survey Date: 09/25/2020

Schedule A:

Plants & Property

Land Characteristics

This planting plan is designed based on the land characteristics identified during the day of the site visit. Plants are chosen according to the soil and light conditions on your property. The number of plants chosen for each planting compartment takes into account the square metre area of the space, as well as the amount of current vegetation cover.

Land Characteristics by Compartment

Length Width Area pH Soil Moisture Light Height
A 15m 4m 60m2 normalsandydry, normal, moistfull sun, partial sunany
B 12m 3m 36m2 normalsandy, loamynormal, moist, wetfull sun, partial sunany
C 10m 3m 30m2 normalsandy, loamynormal, moist, wetfull sun, partial sunany
D 9m 4.5m 40.5m2 normalsandy, loamynormal, moist, wetfull sun, partial sunany
E 15m 9m 135m2 normalsandydry, normal, moistfull sun, partial sunany
61m 4.7m 301.5m2

Plant Selection Summary

The following shrubs and trees are chosen for their suitability and survivability given the current soil and light conditions in each compartment on your property, as well as preferable features.

Plant Species ABCDE Potted Bareroot Wildflower
Fragrant Sumac 7 7
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet 32 5
White Spruce 21 3
Lance-Leaf Coreopsis 5 5
Blue Lupine 5 5
Butterfly Milkweed 5 5
Sweet Gale 75 12
Swamp Rose 2 2
Swamp Milkweed 6 6
Red Osier Dogwood 45 9
Blue Flag Iris 3 3
Buttonbush 3 3
Highbush Cranberry 3 3
Sugar Maple 3 3
White Pine 2 2
Subtotal 271712125 49 0 24
Totals 73

Plant Information

The following table summarizes key information about each plant selected for your property.

Fragrant Sumac
Fragrant Sumac
Height: 1-2m
The Fragrant Sumac is a medium-sized deciduous shrub within the Cashew family. This species grows between 1-2 meters in height, is multi-stemmed, and produces a round, dense crown composed of erect and spreading branches. Between March and April, small yellow flower clusters bloom on the terminal ends of the branches prior to leaf development. Fruit development begins during late summer. Small, red, hairy berries are produced and can remain on the plant throughout the winter. Male catkins develop on the plant in September. Fragrant Sumac leaves are simple and arranged alternately along the branch. Leaves produced are simple and trifoliate with a large center lobe, appearing similar to Poison Ivy. During the spring and summer, the leaves are light green to green-yellow in colour turning a bright yellow to red or dark purple in autumn. Crushed leaves and stems of the Fragrant Sumac produce a fragrant citrus aroma, hence the common name. The aroma of this shrub is attractive to butterfly species, making it the perfect addition to any butterfly garden. The roots of the Fragrant Sumac are shallow, fibrous, and spread rapidly, making it an ideal choice for stabilizing shorelines and mitigating erosion on steep slopes. Unlike other Sumac species, Fragrant Sumac is significantly less aggressive and easily maintained.
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
Height: 1-2m
The Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet is an erect, deciduous shrub, which grows in the shape of a mound. This species develops numerous branches and branchlets, giving it a sparse appearance. Leaves produced are simple and narrow with sharply toothed borders growing alternately along the branches. These bright, light green leaves appear crowded, as they grow close together on the stocks and branches. During the fall, leaves turn a yellow-red or yellow-orange colour. Small white to light pink flower clusters appear in the spring growing in a dense, narrow pyramid at the terminal ends of the branches. During late summer to early fall, these flowers produce smooth, papery seed pods.
White Spruce
White Spruce
Height: 20m
The White Spruce is a hardy, coniferous tree species that grows up to 20 m in height. This species has a relatively uniform form with bark that is loose, scaly, and grayish brown. The needles are about 2 cm long and blueish green in color. The cones are 5-7 cm long, cigar-shaped, and have smooth margin scales. The bark of White Spruce is smooth and light grey when young, turning dark grey and scaly upon maturation. This tree species is very adaptable and can grow in most soil types, moisture levels, and sunlight exposures. This tree is important for providing food and shelter to wildlife species including deer, porcupines, birds, and small rodents. White spruce is a long lived tree species, and usually lives 250-350 years old. However, individuals have been seen that have lived up to 1000 years old.
Lance-Leaf Coreopsis
Lance-Leaf Coreopsis
Height: 45-90 cm
Lance-Leaf Coreopsis is a hardy, perennial wildflower species that grows between 45-90 cm tall. The leaves are mostly basal, medium green, narrow and lance shaped, slightly hairy, oppositely arranged, and have entire margins. The flowers are showy, bright yellow with a dark yellow center, daisy like, have 8 toothed rays, appear solitary at the tip of a flowering stem, and bloom between May and July. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. The Lance-Leaf Coreopsis is hardy, easy to grow, and spreads quickly so can be valuable for re-vegetating disturbed sites.
Blue Lupine
Blue Lupine
Height: 0.6m
Blue Lupine is a very attractive perennial wildflower that grows to about 50 cm in height. The stem is a green/reddish color and hairy. The leaves are compound with 7-11, palmate leaflets. The flowers are showy, a vibrant blue/violet color, appear on a flowering spike, and bloom between May and July. These flowers produce long brown seed pods. This wildflower is easily grown by seed. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, including hummingbirds. Blue lupine is a nitrogen fixer, converting atmospheric nitrogen into a usable form, therefore adding the nutrient to the soil.
Butterfly Milkweed
Butterfly Milkweed
Height: 0.5 m
Butterfly Milkweed is a very attractive perennial wildflower that typically grows about 0.5 m tall. This plant may also be known by the common name Showy Milkweed. The leaves are green coloured, alternately arranged, narrow and lance-shaped, and have entire margins. The flowers are showy, fragrant, bright orange coloured, have five tiny petals, appear in clusters of 8-25, and bloom between June and August. Butterfly Milkweed is easy to grow and is low maintenance. This wildflower spreads well and can be used to naturalize un-vegetated areas. The roots can be useful for controlling erosion and stabilizing shorelines. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. It is also a larval host for caterpillars of the endangered Monarch Butterfly, thus planting this species where possible can help protect this at risk species.
Sweet Gale
Sweet Gale
Height: 1-2m
Sweet Gale is a medium-sized shrub which grows into a thick bush about 1-2 m tall. This species produces 1-8 cm long, oblong-lanceolate leaves which are finely toothed at the tip and are spirally arranged. When bruised, these leaves give off a pleasant aroma. Male and female catkins are produced on separate plants. The seeds are dispersed from the female plants via water, as they float on two corky bracts. Sweet Gale grows best in moist or wet conditions, acidic soil, and full to partial sun exposure. It is naturally found in bogs, swamps, marshes, and along wet shorelines. This shrub species has nitrogen fixing bacteria in its root nodules, allowing it to convert nitrogen into a usable form. Thus, Sweet Gale can be used on nutrient poor, acidic sites, which may be difficult to plant on for other species. Additionally, being able to convert nitrogen and add nutrients to the soil can be beneficial for other plants in the area. This shrub also provides a good food source for bird species that eat the seeds including Grouse, Chickadees, and Bluebirds. Mammal species like Beavers and White-Tailed Deer also browse on the twigs and leaves of this plant.
Swamp Rose
Swamp Rose
Height: 2m
The Swamp Rose is a beautiful perennial shrub species. It is visually appealing with large pink flowers that last about 6-8 weeks. These flowers have five pink petals, a yellow center, and a pleasant fragrance. This species produces oblong shaped, compound leaves comprised of seven leaflets with serrated edges. The Swamp Rose produces red, round, fleshy fruit called rose hips, which remain on the bush throughout winter. These fruiting bodies provide a winter food source for wildlife, such as Grouse, Black Bears, Deer, and Rabbits. Swamp Rose may be confused with Prickly Wild Rose, which has a similar appearance. However, Swamp Rose can easily be distinguished by the presence of curved thorns, which appear at the nodes of the twigs without any occurring between the nodes. Swamp Rose grows best in moist, rich soils such as swamps and marshy shorelines. However, this species can also tolerate drier, loamy soils.
Swamp Milkweed
Swamp Milkweed
Height: 1 m
Swamp Milkweed is a beautiful wildflower species that typically grows about 1 m tall. The leaves are light green coloured, narrow, lance shaped, and oppositely arranged. The flowers are showy, fragrant, bright pink, appear in clusters on flowering stems, and bloom between July and August. The flowers give way to large, long and narrow, brown seed pods, which produce an abundance of seeds with tufts of long, white hairs. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. As with all Milkweeds, the stem exudes a milky sap when broken, however the sap of the Swamp Milkweed is less milky than other species. This sap is critical for caterpillars of the endangered Monarch Butterfly to deter predators.
Red Osier Dogwood
Red Osier Dogwood
Height: 1.5-4m
The Red Osier Dogwood is a medium-sized, deciduous shrub native throughout Northern and Western North America. This species is multi-stemmed with numerous erect and ascending bright red branches that create a loose and spreading form. Leaves produced are simple, two-toned with a dark green upper side and light green underside. They are arranged opposite each other along the branches. During the fall, the foliage turns a brilliant red to dark purple. Clusters of small, creamy white flowers form on the terminal ends of the branches between June and July. The Red Osier Dogwood produces blueish-white fruiting bodies during late summer, which may persist throughout the winter. This shrub's berries provide an important winter food source for numerous species, from large deer to small wintering birds.
Blue Flag Iris
Blue Flag Iris
Height: 0.5 m
The Blue Flag Iris is a showy perennial wildflower that typically grows about 0.5 m in height. This plant may also be known by the common name Harlequin Blue Flag. The leaves are light green, sword-shaped, slightly arched or erect, and appear growing out as a cluster around the base of the plant. The attractive blue flowers start to bloom in the early spring, emerging from a tall flowering stalk that can reach up to 1 m. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. The seeds are also beneficial to wildlife species, like birds and small mammals.
Buttonbush
Buttonbush
Height: 2 m
Buttonbush is a small to medium-sized deciduous shrub species which typically grows about 2 m in height. This plant may also be known by the common name Button Willow. Twigs are slender to stout and dark red-brown in colour with white speckling. The leaves are bright green coloured, shiny, ovate shaped, oppositely arranged, and have entire margins. The flowers are tiny, tubular, white, fragrant, and appear densely on distinctive, spherical clusters in June. These flowers turn into a dense cluster of seeds, which remain on the plant throughout the winter. The flowers are beneficial for pollinator species, including hummingbirds and butterflies. This is a hardy, adaptable species and an excellent choice for planting on wet shoreline sites.
Highbush Cranberry
Highbush Cranberry
Height: 3 m
Highbush Cranberry is a large deciduous shrub species that typically grows about 3 m in height. The branches on this shrub are dense with arching stems, creating a full form. The leaves are oppositely arranged, Maple leaf shaped, have 3 lobes, and have entire or toothed margins. The flowers are showy, creamy white coloured, appear in flat clusters with larger florets surrounding smaller ones, and bloom between May and June. These flowers change into drooping, bright red berry clusters that persist throughout the winter. While the berries are edible to humans, they are very tart when consumed raw so are typically cooked first. This shrub has very attractive fall foliage, changing a reddish purple colour. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. The fruit is beneficial to wildlife species, including birds and small mammals. The root system is extensive, making this shrub valuable for controlling erosion and stabilizing loose soil. This species can be found across Canada from Newfoundland to British Columbia, but is most commonly found in Ontario and Quebec.
Sugar Maple
Sugar Maple
Height: 12-35m
Canada's national tree, the Sugar Maple, is the famous maple syrup producer. This species has the most well-known leaf shape as it is at the centre of the Canadian flag. Leaves produced are arranged opposite to each other and have five lobes or sometimes three with few, irregular teeth. The leaf, is an easy way to differentiate between maple species. The best way to identify a Sugar Maple from a Red or Silver Maple is to look at the notches between the lobes. A Sugar Maple will have a "U" shaped notch, similar to the curve that is made when you make an "L" with your thumb and forefinger. A Red Maple will have a "V" shaped notch, similar to when you separate two of your fingers. Silver Maples have very deep, narrow notches. A common sight around maple trees is the presence of seed keys. Sugar Maple seeds are dispersed by wind, therefore the seeds are encased by a winged capsule, hanging off the tree by a long, slender stalk, usually in groups of two. This species bark is smooth and grey, becoming dark grey and separated into long, vertical ridges which are usually curled outward along one side. Sugar Maples prefer deep, moist, well-drained soils and are often found amongst Yellow Birch, Red Oak, Red Maple, Basswood, and Eastern Hemlock. Sugar Maples produce a hard lumber used for making furniture, cabinets, flooring, and plywood.
White Pine
White Pine
Height: 30m
The White Pine is Ontario's provincial tree. This species is the largest northeastern conifer with soft and light needles. The needles are bundled into groups of 5 and are spirally spread around the twigs. White Pine bark is smooth and grey-green when young, becoming dark grey and deeply furrowed upon maturation. This tree produces yellow-green seed cones which are long, cylindrical, and covered in 50-80 scales. Unfortunately, this species is susceptible to White Pine Blister Rust and attacks by the White Pine Weevil. White Pine is a hardy tree which can tolerate a wide range of soil conditions, from sphagnum bogs to dry sandy and rocky ridges.

Compartment A

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: dry, normal, moist
  • Soil Type: sandy
  • Plant Height: any
  • Light conditions: full sun, partial sun
Fragrant Sumac
7
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
3
White Spruce
2
Lance-Leaf Coreopsis
5
Blue Lupine
5
Butterfly Milkweed
5

Compartment B

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: normal, moist, wet
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: any
  • Light conditions: full sun, partial sun
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
2
Sweet Gale
7
Swamp Rose
2
Swamp Milkweed
6

Compartment C

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: normal, moist, wet
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: any
  • Light conditions: full sun, partial sun
Sweet Gale
5
Red Osier Dogwood
4
Blue Flag Iris
3

Compartment D

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: normal, moist, wet
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: any
  • Light conditions: full sun, partial sun
White Spruce
1
Red Osier Dogwood
5
Buttonbush
3
Highbush Cranberry
3

Compartment E

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: dry, normal, moist
  • Soil Type: sandy
  • Plant Height: any
  • Light conditions: full sun, partial sun
Sugar Maple
3
White Pine
2

Schedule B

Financial Summary

Project by: Watersheds Canada


The following section outlines the total cost of your project. It has been divided into 2 sections; 1- Plants and Material, 2- Services. It also includes the breakdown of the landowner contribution and the portion that will be paid by Watersheds Canada, as outlined in the Project Costs Total table.

The Natural Edge program has received generous funding to help support the costs of plants, materials, and project coordination and delivery, making this program possible.

Potted stock

Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Fragrant Sumac 7 $13.00 $91.00
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet 5 $13.00 $65.00
White Spruce 3 $13.00 $39.00
Sweet Gale 12 $13.00 $156.00
Swamp Rose 2 $13.00 $26.00
Red Osier Dogwood 9 $13.00 $117.00
Buttonbush 3 $13.00 $39.00
Highbush Cranberry 3 $13.00 $39.00
Sugar Maple 3 $13.00 $39.00
White Pine 2 $13.00 $26.00
Total Potted plant stock 49 $637.00

Wildflower stock

Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Lance-Leaf Coreopsis 5 $8.00 $40.00
Blue Lupine 5 $8.00 $40.00
Butterfly Milkweed 5 $8.00 $40.00
Swamp Milkweed 6 $8.00 $48.00
Blue Flag Iris 3 $8.00 $24.00
Total Wildflowers plant stock 24 $192.00

Tending materials

Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Mulch 73 $0.95 $69.35
Tree guards (deciduous only) 3 $1.50 $4.50
Total Tending materials $73.85

Totals

1-Plants and materials
Potted plant stock $637.00
Tending materials $73.85
Plants & Materials $902.85
2-Services Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Watersheds Canada's Site visit (Site visit in-kind) 1 on 09/25/2020 $150.00 $0.00
Plant stocking 73 $2.00 $146.00
Mulching & tree guard installation 73 $1.50 $109.50
Shipping & handling of materials $25.00
Planting plan $350.00
Project management and delivery $400.00
Administration fee $100.00
Services total $1,130.50
Total Project Costs Subtotal
Total project value (including in kind contributions) $2,078.35
Total eligible costs (excluding in kind contributions) $2,033.35
Watersheds Canada's contribution (75% of eligible costs) $1,525.01
Landowner contribution (25% of eligible costs) $508.34

Schedule C

Project Agreement

Stewardship Agreement

Please indicate your agreement to this proposed plan by signing the following Stewardship Agreement and submitting it, along with your financial contribution, to:

Watersheds Canada
115-40 Sunset Blvd. Perth ON K7H 2Y4

Plant Availability

Please note that plant species may need to be changed based on plant stock availability at the time of ordering.

Project Completion

Upon receiving your signed stewardship agreement and financial contribution, a date will be booked to complete the project. Watersheds Canada will supply all plants, materials, and planting labour. If there are particular dates that you would prefer, we will do our best to accommodate your requests.

The Natural Edge Stewardship Agreement with Watersheds Canada

Agreement made this            Day of the Month of            in the Year           .

BETWEEN Ned & Sheri Bauer, 200 Murray Road, Elgin, Ontario, (Hereinafter called the OWNERS)

AND Watersheds Canada, 115-40 Sunset Blvd. Perth ON K7H 2Y4, (Hereinafter called WC)

WHEREAS the Owners and WC have met and discussed plans for shoreline naturalization on the specified area(s) in Schedule A existing on the Owners’ land;
WHEREAS the Owners indicate approval of the project as proposed; and
WHEREAS the project is, or will be for the benefit of the Owners and others;

1. This Agreement shall be in effect for a period of 5 years, commencing with the date of this Agreement.

2. The Owners and WC agree that the areas where the work is to be performed is as described in Schedule A.

3. The Owners grant WC, its contractors, employees and agents, the right to enter the property to perform the work agreed upon as outlined in Schedule A. In addition, WC, its contractors, employees and agents may inspect the work performed for the purposes of monitoring the project and survival assessment, with prior agreement with Owners for date and time of inspection.

4. The Owners agree to contribute the “Landowner contribution (25% of eligible costs)” and pay the costs indicated in Schedule B.

5. In instances where the Owners are to pay WC for work to be performed (outlined in Schedule A), the Owners agree to provide payments to WC prior to the commencement of that operation. Failure of payment shall constitute a breach of this Agreement and the Owners agree this Agreement will be terminated and thereupon the Owners agree to pay WC the estimated costs of the operations of the project completed, if any.

6. The Owners agree, if necessary, to perform a reasonable amount of maintenance, which is described in the Native Plant Care Guide, available at watersheds.ca.

7. If the contractor is required to perform the work outlined in Schedule A, then the contractor carrying out the work on the land described will be required to take out and furnish evidence of a comprehensive policy of public liability and property damage coverage. The contractor and their workers will be required to be in good standing with the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board prior to performing the work.

8. The Owners agree not to remove, destroy or alter the project without prior consultation and approval of WC. Pruning and trimming planted nursery stock, or adding replacement native nursery stock is exempt.

9. The Owners agree not to mow the planted area.

10. The Owners do acknowledge that WC, its contractors, employees and agents, having performed said works, are not under further obligation with respect to survival of nursery stock, inspection, or maintenance.

11. The Owners, in the absence of negligence, hereby remises, releases and forever discharges WC, its contractors, employees and agents from all claims and demands for injuries, including death, loss, damages and costs in any way related to or connected with installation and maintenance of the work described or resulting from any deleterious effects of the work to the land or to the lands and buildings thereon retained by the Owners.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties have agreed to the contents of this plan; SIGNED:

Watersheds Canada

Representative Signature:

This is your organizational representative's signature.

Ned & Sheri Bauer

Owner Signature:

About this program

About Watersheds Canada

Watersheds Canada is a non-profit organization and registered Canadian charity committed to working with landowners, communities, and organizations to protect lakes and rivers through developing effective, transferable, and long-term solutions.


This program was created by Watersheds Canada

We believe that every person has the right to access clean and healthy lakes and rivers in Canada. At Watersheds Canada, we work to keep these precious places naturally clean and healthy for people and wildlife to continue using for years to come. We love working with others to meet the needs of local communities, whether you’re a concerned citizen, a landowner, a lake association looking for help, or a coalition of groups interested in activating your local community.