Red Pine Bay

Red Pine Bay, Usborne St., Ottawa River

Planting plan created by Watersheds Canada
Survey Date: 01/08/2018

Funded by • Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada •

Schedule A:

Plants & Property

Land Characteristics

This planting plan is designed based on the land characteristics identified during the day of the site visit. Plants are chosen according to the soil and light conditions on your property. The number of plants chosen for each planting compartment takes into account the square metre area of the space, as well as the amount of current vegetation cover. Your property is part of ecoZone: 5a

Land Characteristics by Compartment

Length Width Area pH Soil Moisture Light Height
A 10m 1.5m 15m2 normalsandy, loamymoistfull sun
B 30m 3m 90m2 normalsandy, loamymoistfull sun
C 15m 3m 45m2 normalsandy, loamymoistfull sun
D 6m 3m 18m2 normalsandy, loamymoistfull sun
E 0m 0m 0m2 normalsandy, loamynormalfull sun
F 0m 0m 0m2 normalsandy, loamynormalpartial sun
61m 1.75m 168m2

Plant Selection Summary

The following shrubs and trees are chosen for their suitability and survivability given the current soil and light conditions in each compartment on your property, as well as preferable features.

Plant Species ABCDEF Potted Bareroot Wildflower
Silver Maple 1212 6
Buttonbush 234 9
Highbush Cranberry 22 4
Ninebark 12 3
Pussy Willow 34 7
Red Osier Dogwood 672 15
Swamp Rose 553 13
White Birch 12 3
Black Willow 1 1
Swamp Milkweed 544 13
Purple Coneflower 454 13
Snowberry 6 6
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet 3 3
Jack Pine 22 4
Staghorn Sumac 89 17
Subtotal 63036241011 91 0 26
Totals 117

Plant Information

The following table summarizes key information about each plant selected for your property.

Silver Maple
Silver Maple
Height: 30m
The Silver Maple is a fast growing, deciduous Maple tree famous for its majestic, mature form. This species has a broad, round crown that sits on top of a tall straight trunk. Its ascending branches give this tree a full, bushy appearance. Silver Maple leaves can be differentiated from other Maple leaves due to the deep notches on their lobes. It has a silvery white colour on its underside in contrast to bright, light green topside. During the fall, the leaves on the Silver Maple turn a reddish orange to bright golden yellow. Between late April and May, inconspicuous, small greenish red flowers bloom and by June turn to yellowish-green or brownish pairs of winged keys. The Silver Maple's shallow, spreading root system and ability to withstand flood and drought make it an excellent tree to utilize for erosion control and shoreline stabilization.
Buttonbush
Buttonbush
Height: 2 m
Buttonbush is a small to medium-sized deciduous shrub species which typically grows about 2 m in height. This plant may also be known by the common name Button Willow. Twigs are slender to stout and dark red-brown in colour with white speckling. The leaves are bright green coloured, shiny, ovate shaped, oppositely arranged, and have entire margins. The flowers are tiny, tubular, white, fragrant, and appear densely on distinctive, spherical clusters in June. These flowers turn into a dense cluster of seeds, which remain on the plant throughout the winter. The flowers are beneficial for pollinator species, including hummingbirds and butterflies. This is a hardy, adaptable species and an excellent choice for planting on wet shoreline sites.
Highbush Cranberry
Highbush Cranberry
Height: 3 m
Highbush Cranberry is a large deciduous shrub species that typically grows about 3 m in height. The branches on this shrub are dense with arching stems, creating a full form. The leaves are oppositely arranged, Maple leaf shaped, have 3 lobes, and have entire or toothed margins. The flowers are showy, creamy white coloured, appear in flat clusters with larger florets surrounding smaller ones, and bloom between May and June. These flowers change into drooping, bright red berry clusters that persist throughout the winter. While the berries are edible to humans, they are very tart when consumed raw so are typically cooked first. This shrub has very attractive fall foliage, changing a reddish purple colour. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. The fruit is beneficial to wildlife species, including birds and small mammals. The root system is extensive, making this shrub valuable for controlling erosion and stabilizing loose soil. This species can be found across Canada from Newfoundland to British Columbia, but is most commonly found in Ontario and Quebec.
Ninebark
Ninebark
Height: 2-3m
The Common Ninebark is a very hardy, large, deciduous shrub naturally occurring within riparian zones. This species is often planted as an ornamental shrub for its exfoliating bark which reveals reddish-light brown inner bark. This shrub is multi-stemmed with numerous horizontal and ascending branches creating a full, round shape. The Common Ninebark produces dull green, ovate to round shaped leaves with three to five lobes per leaf. During the fall the leaves turn brilliant yellow or dark purple. Between May and June, showy, bell-shaped flowers bloom in clusters on the terminal ends of the branches. During the summer, these flowers give way to small green or green-yellow berries which turn a bright red upon ripening.
Pussy Willow
Pussy Willow
Height: 6m
The Pussy Willow is a fast growing, deciduous shrub or small tree found from British Columbia to Newfoundland. This species grows from shoots extending from the base of the trunk, creating a multi-stemmed, tall, round bush. The Pussy Willow is an ideal species for bank stabilization and erosion control due to its large, fibrous root system and love of water. This species branches extend from the main shoots and are usually hairy and reddish-brown in colour. The main shoots of Pussy Willow are smooth and greyish-brown, becoming scaly with age. It produces simple, narrow, lance-shaped leaves alternately arranged along the branch. The Pussy Willow yields purple-brown fuzzy catkins which will form long-beaked and finely haired capsules during May and June.
Red Osier Dogwood
Red Osier Dogwood
Height: 1.5-4m
The Red Osier Dogwood is a medium-sized, deciduous shrub native throughout Northern and Western North America. This species is multi-stemmed with numerous erect and ascending bright red branches that create a loose and spreading form. Leaves produced are simple, two-toned with a dark green upper side and light green underside. They are arranged opposite each other along the branches. During the fall, the foliage turns a brilliant red to dark purple. Clusters of small, creamy white flowers form on the terminal ends of the branches between June and July. The Red Osier Dogwood produces blueish-white fruiting bodies during late summer, which may persist throughout the winter. This shrub's berries provide an important winter food source for numerous species, from large deer to small wintering birds.
Swamp Rose
Swamp Rose
Height: 2m
The Swamp Rose is a beautiful perennial shrub species. It is visually appealing with large pink flowers that last about 6-8 weeks. These flowers have five pink petals, a yellow center, and a pleasant fragrance. This species produces oblong shaped, compound leaves comprised of seven leaflets with serrated edges. The Swamp Rose produces red, round, fleshy fruit called rose hips, which remain on the bush throughout winter. These fruiting bodies provide a winter food source for wildlife, such as Grouse, Black Bears, Deer, and Rabbits. Swamp Rose may be confused with Prickly Wild Rose, which has a similar appearance. However, Swamp Rose can easily be distinguished by the presence of curved thorns, which appear at the nodes of the twigs without any occurring between the nodes. Swamp Rose grows best in moist, rich soils such as swamps and marshy shorelines. However, this species can also tolerate drier, loamy soils.
White Birch
White Birch
Height: 15-25m
The Paper Birch is a medium-sized, deciduous tree which may also be referred to as White Birch or Canoe Birch. This species produces a sparse, irregular crown which arises from a slender trunk. This tree is best known for distinctive white, horizontally flaking bark, from which its name is derived. The Paper Birch produces light green, egg-shaped, 5-10 cm long leaves alternately arranged. During the fall, the light green foliage turns a bright yellow colour. During the spring, catkins appear and produce winged seed keys which mature and drop between the fall and following spring.
Black Willow
Black Willow
Height: 20 m
Black Willow is the largest native Willow species within North America. This species is considered to be a small to medium sized tree, typically growing 10-20 m in height, with a broad, spreading, and irregular crown. The trunk is large, crooked, often forked or sprouting, and covered in a dark black or brown scaly bark. The leaves are narrow, lance shaped, alternately arranged, and have finely toothed margins. Small green or yellow flowers bloom on catkins during the spring. By mid-summer, flowers turn into a cottony fruit. The Black Willow is a fast growing tree, reaching maturity within 30 years. It has a significant, shallow, spreading root system, which makes it an excellent tree to plant for erosion control and to stabilizing loose soil along shorelines. However, as with most Willows, do not plant near septic system, sewers, or wells because the roots can cause damage.
Swamp Milkweed
Swamp Milkweed
Height: 1 m
Swamp Milkweed is a beautiful wildflower species that typically grows about 1 m tall. The leaves are light green coloured, narrow, lance shaped, and oppositely arranged. The flowers are showy, fragrant, bright pink, appear in clusters on flowering stems, and bloom between July and August. The flowers give way to large, long and narrow, brown seed pods, which produce an abundance of seeds with tufts of long, white hairs. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. As with all Milkweeds, the stem exudes a milky sap when broken, however the sap of the Swamp Milkweed is less milky than other species. This sap is critical for caterpillars of the endangered Monarch Butterfly to deter predators.
Purple Coneflower
Purple Coneflower
Height: 1m
Purple Coneflower is a perennial wildflower that typically grows about 1 m tall. This plant may also be known by the common name Echinacea. The leaves are dark green coloured, alternately arranged, lance shaped with pointed tips, and have serrated margins. The flowers are showy, pale purple to pink, have 15-20 toothed petals, appear atop erect stems, and bloom between June and August. This wildflower spreads well and can be used to naturalize un-vegetated areas. The roots can be useful for controlling erosion and stabilizing shorelines. This flower blooms for long periods. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. The seeds are also beneficial to wildlife species, like birds and small mammals.
Snowberry
Snowberry
Height: 1-2m
The Snowberry is a small shrub known for its white berries bunching at the nodes. This species produces oval-shaped, oppositely arranged, dark green colored leaves with smooth margins on short stalks. This shrub yields white to pink clusters of bell-shaped flowers during the summer. The fruiting bodies produced by this shrub are small, white berries that grow in bunches. These berries provide a good food source to a variety of animals, but are poisonous to humans. Snowberry is an ideal species for bank stabilization applications because its roots are vigorous and deep ranging. This species grows well in sandy or rocky, open areas, such as open forests and along shorelines.
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
Height: 1-2m
The Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet is an erect, deciduous shrub, which grows in the shape of a mound. This species develops numerous branches and branchlets, giving it a sparse appearance. Leaves produced are simple and narrow with sharply toothed borders growing alternately along the branches. These bright, light green leaves appear crowded, as they grow close together on the stocks and branches. During the fall, leaves turn a yellow-red or yellow-orange colour. Small white to light pink flower clusters appear in the spring growing in a dense, narrow pyramid at the terminal ends of the branches. During late summer to early fall, these flowers produce smooth, papery seed pods.
Jack Pine
Jack Pine
Height: 20m
The Jack Pine is small tree that typically grows up to 20 m high and 30 cm in diameter, although can occasionally grow larger. When the tree grows in open areas, the trunk of the tree is tapered, with a conical crown. The branches are open, ascending, and arching. When the tree is grown in a forest, the shape becomes slender and straight with very little taper. On poor soils or rocky sites, the Jack Pine appears very unkempt with long stout branches and a twisted appearance. The needles are evergreen and grow in bundles of 2, are sharp and straight, and 2-4 cm long. The bark is thin and reddish-brown to gray when young, becoming dark brown, flaky and furrowed in thick, irregular plates with age. The seed cones are variable in shape, and can be oblong to conical, asymmetrical, straight, or curved. They are about 3-7 cm long in size and are yellowish-brown in color when mature. The Jack Pine often occurs on poor quality sites that have coarse sands, shallow soils, rocky beds, or even on permafrost. This tree species prefers full sun and may be intolerant of shade.
Staghorn Sumac
Staghorn Sumac
Height: 4-8m
The Staghorn Sumac is a hardy, wide spreading shrub species. The name is derived from its thick branches that resemble the antlers of a male deer or a stag. This species produces compound leaves which can contain up to 31 serrated, feather-like leaflets with an opposite arrangement. These leaves turn a rich red during autumn. The Staghorn Sumac produces cone-like clusters of small yellow/green flowers, which give way to crimson red berries that are covered in fine hairs. The Staghorn Sumac is easily recognized by its branches which are covered in fine hairs resembling velvet. The trunk of this species is normally branchless, until it opens up into a short, wide crown at the top. The branches also secrete a pale milky sap when broken. Staghorn Sumac is a highly tolerant species and may be found in open areas along roadsides, shorelines, and forest edges.

Compartment A

Naturalization Area

Red pine add
  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, wildflowers
  • Moisture: moist
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Light conditions: full sun
Silver Maple
1
Buttonbush
2
Highbush Cranberry
2
Ninebark
1

Compartment B

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, wildflowers
  • Moisture: moist
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Light conditions: full sun
Silver Maple
2
Buttonbush
3
Pussy Willow
3
Red Osier Dogwood
6
Swamp Rose
5
White Birch
1
Black Willow
1
Swamp Milkweed
5
Purple Coneflower
4

Compartment C

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, wildflowers
  • Moisture: moist
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Light conditions: full sun
Silver Maple
1
Buttonbush
4
Highbush Cranberry
2
Red Osier Dogwood
7
Swamp Rose
5
White Birch
2
Swamp Milkweed
4
Purple Coneflower
5
Snowberry
6

Compartment D

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, wildflowers
  • Moisture: moist
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Light conditions: full sun
Silver Maple
2
Ninebark
2
Pussy Willow
4
Red Osier Dogwood
2
Swamp Rose
3
Swamp Milkweed
4
Purple Coneflower
4
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
3

Compartment E

Naturalization Area

Jack Pine will be Red Pine
  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted
  • Moisture: normal
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Light conditions: full sun
Jack Pine
2
Staghorn Sumac
8

Compartment F

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted
  • Moisture: normal
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Light conditions: partial sun
Jack Pine
2
Staghorn Sumac
9

Schedule B

Financial Summary

Project by: Watersheds Canada


The following section outlines the total cost of your project. It has been divided into 2 sections; 1- Plants and Material, 2- Services. It also includes the breakdown of the landowner contribution and the portion that will be paid by Watersheds Canada, as outlined in the Project Costs Total table.

The Natural Edge program has received generous funding to help support the costs of plants, materials, and project coordination and delivery, making this program possible.

Potted stock

Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Silver Maple 6 $13.00 $78.00
Buttonbush 9 $13.00 $117.00
Highbush Cranberry 4 $13.00 $52.00
Ninebark 3 $13.00 $39.00
Pussy Willow 7 $13.00 $91.00
Red Osier Dogwood 15 $13.00 $195.00
Swamp Rose 13 $13.00 $169.00
White Birch 3 $13.00 $39.00
Black Willow 1 $13.00 $13.00
Snowberry 6 $13.00 $78.00
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet 3 $13.00 $39.00
Jack Pine 4 $13.00 $52.00
Staghorn Sumac 17 $13.00 $221.00
Total Potted plant stock 91 $1,183.00

Wildflower stock

Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Swamp Milkweed 13 $8.00 $104.00
Purple Coneflower 13 $8.00 $104.00
Total Wildflowers plant stock 26 $208.00

Tending materials

Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Mulch 117 $0.95 $111.15
Tree guards (deciduous only) 10 $1.50 $15.00
Total Tending materials $126.15

Totals

1-Plants and materials
Potted plant stock $1,183.00
Tending materials $126.15
Plants & Materials $1,517.15
2-Services Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Watersheds Canada's Site visit (Site visit in-kind) 1 on 01/08/2018 $150.00 $0.00
Plant stocking 117 $2.00 $234.00
Mulching & tree guard installation 117 $1.50 $175.50
Shipping & handling of materials $25.00
Planting plan $350.00
Project management and delivery $400.00
Administration fee $100.00
Services total $1,284.50
Total Project Costs Subtotal
Total project value (including in kind contributions) $2,791.15
Total eligible costs (excluding in kind contributions) $2,801.65
Watersheds Canada's contribution (75% of eligible costs) $2,101.24
Landowner contribution (25% of eligible costs) $700.41

Schedule C

Project Agreement

Stewardship Agreement

Please indicate your agreement to this proposed plan by signing the following Stewardship Agreement and submitting it, along with your financial contribution, to:

Watersheds Canada
115-40 Sunset Blvd. Perth ON K7H 2Y4

Plant Availability

Please note that plant species may need to be changed based on plant stock availability at the time of ordering.

Project Completion

Upon receiving your signed stewardship agreement and financial contribution, a date will be booked to complete the project. Watersheds Canada will supply all plants, materials, and planting labour. If there are particular dates that you would prefer, we will do our best to accommodate your requests.

The Natural Edge Stewardship Agreement with Watersheds Canada

Agreement made this            Day of the Month of            in the Year           .

BETWEEN Township Of McNab/Braeside, Red Pine Bay, Usborne St., Braeside, Ontario, (Hereinafter called the OWNERS)

AND Watersheds Canada, 115-40 Sunset Blvd. Perth ON K7H 2Y4, (Hereinafter called WC)

WHEREAS the Owners and WC have met and discussed plans for shoreline naturalization on the specified area(s) in Schedule A existing on the Owners’ land;
WHEREAS the Owners indicate approval of the project as proposed; and
WHEREAS the project is, or will be for the benefit of the Owners and others;

1. This Agreement shall be in effect for a period of 5 years, commencing with the date of this Agreement.

2. The Owners and WC agree that the areas where the work is to be performed is as described in Schedule A.

3. The Owners grant WC, its contractors, employees and agents, the right to enter the property to perform the work agreed upon as outlined in Schedule A. In addition, WC, its contractors, employees and agents may inspect the work performed for the purposes of monitoring the project and survival assessment, with prior agreement with Owners for date and time of inspection.

4. The Owners agree to contribute the “Landowner contribution (25% of eligible costs)” and pay the costs indicated in Schedule B.

5. In instances where the Owners are to pay WC for work to be performed (outlined in Schedule A), the Owners agree to provide payments to WC prior to the commencement of that operation. Failure of payment shall constitute a breach of this Agreement and the Owners agree this Agreement will be terminated and thereupon the Owners agree to pay WC the estimated costs of the operations of the project completed, if any.

6. The Owners agree, if necessary, to perform a reasonable amount of maintenance, which is described in the Native Plant Care Guide, available at watersheds.ca.

7. If the contractor is required to perform the work outlined in Schedule A, then the contractor carrying out the work on the land described will be required to take out and furnish evidence of a comprehensive policy of public liability and property damage coverage. The contractor and their workers will be required to be in good standing with the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board prior to performing the work.

8. The Owners agree not to remove, destroy or alter the project without prior consultation and approval of WC. Pruning and trimming planted nursery stock, or adding replacement native nursery stock is exempt.

9. The Owners agree not to mow the planted area.

10. The Owners do acknowledge that WC, its contractors, employees and agents, having performed said works, are not under further obligation with respect to survival of nursery stock, inspection, or maintenance.

11. The Owners, in the absence of negligence, hereby remises, releases and forever discharges WC, its contractors, employees and agents from all claims and demands for injuries, including death, loss, damages and costs in any way related to or connected with installation and maintenance of the work described or resulting from any deleterious effects of the work to the land or to the lands and buildings thereon retained by the Owners.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties have agreed to the contents of this plan; SIGNED:

Watersheds Canada

Representative Signature:

This is your organizational representative's signature.

Township Of McNab/Braeside

Owner Signature:

About this program

About Watersheds Canada

Watersheds Canada is a non-profit organization and registered Canadian charity committed to working with landowners, communities, and organizations to protect lakes and rivers through developing effective, transferable, and long-term solutions.


This program was created by Watersheds Canada

We believe that every person has the right to access clean and healthy lakes and rivers in Canada. At Watersheds Canada, we work to keep these precious places naturally clean and healthy for people and wildlife to continue using for years to come. We love working with others to meet the needs of local communities, whether you’re a concerned citizen, a landowner, a lake association looking for help, or a coalition of groups interested in activating your local community.