6 Harlow Trail, Muskrat Lake
Planting plan created by Watersheds Canada
Funded by • Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada •
Plants & Property
This planting plan is designed based on the land characteristics identified during the day of the site visit. Plants are chosen according to the soil and light conditions on your property. The number of plants chosen for each planting compartment takes into account the square metre area of the space, as well as the amount of current vegetation cover.
Land Characteristics by Compartment
|A||5m||1.5m||7.5m2||normal||sandy||dry, normal||full sun, partial sun||max 1.5m|
|B||0m||0m||0m2||normal||sandy||dry||full sun||max 1.5m|
|C||4m||10m||40m2||normal||sandy||normal, moist||shade||max 3m|
Plant Selection Summary
The following shrubs and trees are chosen for their suitability and survivability given the current soil and light conditions in each compartment on your property, as well as preferable features.
|Red Osier Dogwood||2||2|
The following table summarizes key information about each plant selected for your property.
Fly HoneysuckleHeight: 1-2m
The Fly Honeysuckle is a medium-sized deciduous shrub which is naturally found throughout Ontario, Quebec, and Eastern Canada. This perennial shrub is multi-stemmed with thin, woody branches and can be grown so that it resembles a vine species. The Fly Honeysuckle's leaves are light green, simple, and oppositely arranged. Leaves are oval in shape and hairless, except at the margins where fine hairs are visible. This species produces flowers which are bell-shaped, white to yellow in colour, drooping in pairs of two, and bloom during late spring. Flowers give rise to large red-orange berries during late summer, which are a favorite to many songbird species.
Virginia CreeperHeight: 15 m
The Virginia Creeper is a deciduous, woody vine species which can grow up to 15 m if near a tall structure or tree. The leaves are palmately compound with five ovate shaped leaflets. These leaves are largely toothed and turn bright red and orange during the fall. Despite having inconspicuous flowers, this species produces incredible dark blue berries, which are beneficial to birds and small mammals. This vine can grow 2-3 m per growing season, thus pruning and maintenance may be required. Virginia Creeper may sometimes be confused with Poison Ivy as younger plants will only have three leaflets instead of five. This plant can grow aggressively so should be planted where it has plenty of space to spread. Some shoreline landowners choose to plant this around rip rap/loose stone retaining walls for a more natural appearance. The root system is beneficial for quickly controlling erosion.
Bush HoneysuckleHeight: 1m
The Bush Honeysuckle is a small, hardy, deciduous shrub that rarely grows taller than 1 m in height. The leaves are simple, oppositely arranged, ovate shaped, and have finely toothed margins. During the spring and summer, the leaves are dark green in colour, then in the fall they take on a variety of colours ranging from a deep purple to light yellow. The flowers are small, showy, yellow to orange colored, trumpet shaped, appear in clusters on the tips of branches, and bloom between June and July. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, including hummingbirds and butterflies. The roots of the Bush Honeysuckle are fibrous, giving it the ability to form thickets and making it an ideal shrub to plant for erosion control.
Red Osier DogwoodHeight: 1.5-4m
The Red Osier Dogwood is a medium-sized, deciduous shrub native throughout Northern and Western North America. This species is multi-stemmed with numerous erect and ascending bright red branches that create a loose and spreading form. Leaves produced are simple, two-toned with a dark green upper side and light green underside. They are arranged opposite each other along the branches. During the fall, the foliage turns a brilliant red to dark purple. Clusters of small, creamy white flowers form on the terminal ends of the branches between June and July. The Red Osier Dogwood produces blueish-white fruiting bodies during late summer, which may persist throughout the winter. This shrub's berries provide an important winter food source for numerous species, from large deer to small wintering birds.
Black ChokeberryHeight: 1-3m
The Black Chokeberry is a medium sized deciduous shrub with edible fruit. This species requires full sun to partial shade and can tolerate soil conditions from loamy and moist to rocky and dry. Naturally, Black Chokeberry is found in wet wooded areas such as; swamps, along shorelines, and within forest understory. This species is multi-stemmed, and forms thickets from stems which arise from the roots. Leaves are simple, growing alternately along the branch turning a bold red to orange during the fall. During spring, clusters of showy, white flowers appear turning into dark purple berries by fall. This species is resistant to drought, insects, pollution, and disease. The Black Chokeberry is often cultivated as an ornamental plant and food product. Additionally, this species is useful for bank stabilization and erosion control applications.
The Common Ninebark is a very hardy, large, deciduous shrub naturally occurring within riparian zones. This species is often planted as an ornamental shrub for its exfoliating bark which reveals reddish-light brown inner bark. This shrub is multi-stemmed with numerous horizontal and ascending branches creating a full, round shape. The Common Ninebark produces dull green, ovate to round shaped leaves with three to five lobes per leaf. During the fall the leaves turn brilliant yellow or dark purple. Between May and June, showy, bell-shaped flowers bloom in clusters on the terminal ends of the branches. During the summer, these flowers give way to small green or green-yellow berries which turn a bright red upon ripening.
Highbush CranberryHeight: 3 m
Highbush Cranberry is a large deciduous shrub species that typically grows about 3 m in height. The branches on this shrub are dense with arching stems, creating a full form. The leaves are oppositely arranged, Maple leaf shaped, have 3 lobes, and have entire or toothed margins. The flowers are showy, creamy white coloured, appear in flat clusters with larger florets surrounding smaller ones, and bloom between May and June. These flowers change into drooping, bright red berry clusters that persist throughout the winter. While the berries are edible to humans, they are very tart when consumed raw so are typically cooked first. This shrub has very attractive fall foliage, changing a reddish purple colour. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. The fruit is beneficial to wildlife species, including birds and small mammals. The root system is extensive, making this shrub valuable for controlling erosion and stabilizing loose soil. This species can be found across Canada from Newfoundland to British Columbia, but is most commonly found in Ontario and Quebec.
- pH: normal
- Depth: bareroot
- Moisture: dry, normal
- Soil Type: sandy
- Plant Height: max 1.5m
- Light conditions: full sun, partial sun
- pH: normal
- Depth: bareroot
- Moisture: dry
- Soil Type: sandy
- Plant Height: max 1.5m
- Light conditions: full sun
- pH: normal
- Depth: bareroot
- Moisture: normal, moist
- Soil Type: sandy
- Plant Height: max 3m
- Light conditions: shade
Project by: Watersheds Canada
The following section outlines the total cost of your project. It has been divided into 2 sections; 1- Plants and Material, 2- Services. It also includes the breakdown of the landowner contribution and the portion that will be paid by Watersheds Canada, as outlined in the Project Costs Total table.
The Natural Edge program has received generous funding to help support the costs of plants, materials, and project coordination and delivery, making this program possible.
|Red Osier Dogwood||2||$2.25||$4.50|
|Total Bareroot plant stock||52||$117.00|
|Total Tending materials||$49.40|
|1-Plants and materials|
|Bareroot plant stock||$117.00|
|Wildflower plant stock||$0.00|
|Plants & Materials||$166.40|
|Watersheds Canada's Site visit (Site visit in-kind)||1 on 08/07/2018||$150.00||$0.00|
|Mulching & tree guard installation||52||$1.50||$78.00|
|Shipping & handling of materials||$25.00|
|Project management and delivery||$400.00|
|Total Project Costs||Subtotal|
|Total project value (including in kind contributions)||$1,295.40|
|Total eligible costs (excluding in kind contributions)||$1,223.40|
|Watersheds Canada's contribution (75% of eligible costs)||$917.55|
|Landowner contribution (25% of eligible costs)||$305.85|
Please indicate your agreement to this proposed plan by signing the following Stewardship Agreement and submitting it, along with your financial contribution, to:
115-40 Sunset Blvd. Perth ON K7H 2Y4
Please note that plant species may need to be changed based on plant stock availability at the time of ordering.
Upon receiving your signed stewardship agreement and financial contribution, a date will be booked to complete the project. Watersheds Canada will supply all plants, materials, and planting labour. If there are particular dates that you would prefer, we will do our best to accommodate your requests.
The Natural Edge Stewardship Agreement with Watersheds Canada
Agreement made this Day of the Month of in the Year .
BETWEEN Karen & Ron Carr, 6 Harlow Trail, Ontario, (Hereinafter called the OWNERS)
AND Watersheds Canada, 115-40 Sunset Blvd. Perth ON K7H 2Y4, (Hereinafter called WC)
WHEREAS the Owners and WC have met and discussed plans for shoreline naturalization on the specified area(s) in Schedule A existing on the Owners’ land;
WHEREAS the Owners indicate approval of the project as proposed; and
WHEREAS the project is, or will be for the benefit of the Owners and others;
1. This Agreement shall be in effect for a period of 5 years, commencing with the date of this Agreement.
2. The Owners and WC agree that the areas where the work is to be performed is as described in Schedule A.
3. The Owners grant WC, its contractors, employees and agents, the right to enter the property to perform the work agreed upon as outlined in Schedule A. In addition, WC, its contractors, employees and agents may inspect the work performed for the purposes of monitoring the project and survival assessment, with prior agreement with Owners for date and time of inspection.
4. The Owners agree to contribute the “Landowner contribution (25% of eligible costs)” and pay the costs indicated in Schedule B.
5. In instances where the Owners are to pay WC for work to be performed (outlined in Schedule A), the Owners agree to provide payments to WC prior to the commencement of that operation. Failure of payment shall constitute a breach of this Agreement and the Owners agree this Agreement will be terminated and thereupon the Owners agree to pay WC the estimated costs of the operations of the project completed, if any.
6. The Owners agree, if necessary, to perform a reasonable amount of maintenance, which is described in the Native Plant Care Guide, available at watersheds.ca.
7. If the contractor is required to perform the work outlined in Schedule A, then the contractor carrying out the work on the land described will be required to take out and furnish evidence of a comprehensive policy of public liability and property damage coverage. The contractor and their workers will be required to be in good standing with the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board prior to performing the work.
8. The Owners agree not to remove, destroy or alter the project without prior consultation and approval of WC. Pruning and trimming planted nursery stock, or adding replacement native nursery stock is exempt.
9. The Owners agree not to mow the planted area.
10. The Owners do acknowledge that WC, its contractors, employees and agents, having performed said works, are not under further obligation with respect to survival of nursery stock, inspection, or maintenance.
11. The Owners, in the absence of negligence, hereby remises, releases and forever discharges WC, its contractors, employees and agents from all claims and demands for injuries, including death, loss, damages and costs in any way related to or connected with installation and maintenance of the work described or resulting from any deleterious effects of the work to the land or to the lands and buildings thereon retained by the Owners.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties have agreed to the contents of this plan; SIGNED:
About this program
About Watersheds Canada
Watersheds Canada is a non-profit organization and registered Canadian charity committed to working with landowners, communities, and organizations to protect lakes and rivers through developing effective, transferable, and long-term solutions.
This program was created by Watersheds Canada
We believe that every person has the right to access clean and healthy lakes and rivers in Canada. At Watersheds Canada, we work to keep these precious places naturally clean and healthy for people and wildlife to continue using for years to come. We love working with others to meet the needs of local communities, whether you’re a concerned citizen, a landowner, a lake association looking for help, or a coalition of groups interested in activating your local community.