NANCY STEPHENSON

95 Thomlinson Lane, Bay Of Quinte

Planting plan created by Quinte Conservation
Survey Date: 07/09/2020

Schedule A:

Plants & Property

Land Characteristics

This planting plan is designed based on the land characteristics identified during the day of the site visit. Plants are chosen according to the soil and light conditions on your property. The number of plants chosen for each planting compartment takes into account the square metre area of the space, as well as the amount of current vegetation cover. Your property is part of ecoZone: 6a

Land Characteristics by Compartment

Length Width Area pH Soil Moisture Light Height
A 10m 3m 30m2 normalloamynormal, moistshademax 1.5m
B 15m 2m 30m2 normalsandy, loamynormal, moistfull sun, partial sunmax 1.5m, max 2m, max 3m
C 13m 3m 39m2 normalloamynormal, moistfull sunmax 1.5m
D 15m 3m 45m2 normalsandy, loamynormal, moistfull sunmax 1.5m, max 2m
E 13m 3m 39m2 normalsandynormal, moist
66m 2.8m 183m2

Plant Selection Summary

The following shrubs and trees are chosen for their suitability and survivability given the current soil and light conditions in each compartment on your property, as well as preferable features.

Plant Species ABCDE Potted Bareroot Wildflower
Ninebark 12 3
Kalm St. Johns Wort 66 12
Wild Geranium 3 3
False Solomon's seal 3 3
Ostrich Fern 2 2
Pussy Willow 6 6
Snowberry 4 4
Black Elderberry 6 6
Highbush Cranberry 4 4
Fragrant Sumac 62 2 6
Winterberry Holly 2 2
Shrubby Cinquefoil 64 10
Pasture Rose 510 15
Sweet Gale 46 10
Buttonbush 3 3
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet 106 16
Sweet Flag 43 7
Red Osier Dogwood 3 3
Oswego Tea (Red Bergamot) 3 3
Boneset 3 3
Subtotal 1532203026 7 95 21
Totals 123

Plant Information

The following table summarizes key information about each plant selected for your property.

Ninebark
Ninebark
Height: 2-3m
The Common Ninebark is a very hardy, large, deciduous shrub naturally occurring within riparian zones. This species is often planted as an ornamental shrub for its exfoliating bark which reveals reddish-light brown inner bark. This shrub is multi-stemmed with numerous horizontal and ascending branches creating a full, round shape. The Common Ninebark produces dull green, ovate to round shaped leaves with three to five lobes per leaf. During the fall the leaves turn brilliant yellow or dark purple. Between May and June, showy, bell-shaped flowers bloom in clusters on the terminal ends of the branches. During the summer, these flowers give way to small green or green-yellow berries which turn a bright red upon ripening.
Kalm St. Johns Wort
Kalm St. Johns Wort
Height: 1 m
Kalm St. Johns Wort is a short, evergreen shrub species that typically grows less than 1 m in height. Older bark is reddish brown and appears shedding. The leaves are bluish green colored, narrow and linear shaped, appear in oppositely arranged pairs, and have entire margins. The flowers are showy, golden yellow colored, have five petals, numerous stamens, appear on upper branching stems, and bloom between July and August. These flowers produce small brown oval seed capsules. The flowers are beneficial for pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. These shrubs are visually attractive and used for making low hedges.
Wild Geranium
Wild Geranium
Height: 70 cm
Wild Geranium is a herbaceous perennial wildflower species that grows up to 70 cm tall. The leaves on the wildflower are basal with 5-7 deeply divided toothed lobes, ranging between 10-13 cm wide. Due to the shape of the leaves, Wild Geranium is often mistaken for Canada Anemone. It is often found in meadows and forests, preferring partial to full shade with moist loamy soil. Wild Geranium is an ideal wildflower for erosion control because it forms colonies through it's rhizome system. The small petaled purple flowers attract a variety of bees and butterflies, making it a great addition to your garden for pollinators. Wild Geranium has also been used for many medicinal purposes due to its astringent properties. The rhizomes are dried and grounded to be used for mouth ulcers, inflamed gums, and sore throats.
False Solomon's seal
False Solomon's seal
Height: 70 cm
False Solomon's Seal is a perennial wildflower species that typically grows about 70 cm in height. This plant may also be known by the common names Solomon's Plume or False Spikenard. The leaves are large, shiny, light green coloured, alternately arranged, broadly ovate shaped, have prominent veins, and have entire margins. The flowers are tiny, fragrant, white coloured with creamy yellow stamens, appear in flat panicle clusters on flowering stalks, and bloom between April and May. These flowers produce bright red berries that are edible to humans. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, including bees and butterflies. The berries are beneficial to wildlife species, like birds and small mammals.
Ostrich Fern
Ostrich Fern
Height: 1.5 m
The Ostrich Fern is a coarse, erect to arching perennial fern, that can grow up to 1.5 m in height. The stems are clustered and arching while the leaves are ostrich-plume shaped, widest near top, and very gradually narrowed to the base. The size of the leaves grow up to 1.5 m long and 12-40 cm wide, with around 40 pairs of leaflets or pinnae. The leaflets are long, narrow-pointed, and ascending. The leaves are fertile, with spore clusters on the undersides of sub-leaflets.
Pussy Willow
Pussy Willow
Height: 6m
The Pussy Willow is a fast growing, deciduous shrub or small tree found from British Columbia to Newfoundland. This species grows from shoots extending from the base of the trunk, creating a multi-stemmed, tall, round bush. The Pussy Willow is an ideal species for bank stabilization and erosion control due to its large, fibrous root system and love of water. This species branches extend from the main shoots and are usually hairy and reddish-brown in colour. The main shoots of Pussy Willow are smooth and greyish-brown, becoming scaly with age. It produces simple, narrow, lance-shaped leaves alternately arranged along the branch. The Pussy Willow yields purple-brown fuzzy catkins which will form long-beaked and finely haired capsules during May and June.
Snowberry
Snowberry
Height: 1-2m
The Snowberry is a small shrub known for its white berries bunching at the nodes. This species produces oval-shaped, oppositely arranged, dark green colored leaves with smooth margins on short stalks. This shrub yields white to pink clusters of bell-shaped flowers during the summer. The fruiting bodies produced by this shrub are small, white berries that grow in bunches. These berries provide a good food source to a variety of animals, but are poisonous to humans. Snowberry is an ideal species for bank stabilization applications because its roots are vigorous and deep ranging. This species grows well in sandy or rocky, open areas, such as open forests and along shorelines.
Black Elderberry
Black Elderberry
Height: 4 m
The Black Elderberry is a large, fast-growing, deciduous shrub or small tree. This species tolerates a variety of conditions and is commonly found in sunny locations with well-drained soils. Black Elderberry can be single or multi-stalked with numerous branches creating a full, round body. Leaves are compound, with 5-7 leaflets that grow opposite each other along the branch. During the fall, leaves tend to turn a pale yellow. During late May to early June, this species produces flowers that are ivory white and grow in flat topped clusters. By late August, flowers turn to glossy, deep purple fruit, which attract a variety of wildlife like songbirds and small mammals. Ripe fruit is edible for humans and is commonly made into jams and jellies. The root system of this species is shallow, and can form colonies through suckering.
Highbush Cranberry
Highbush Cranberry
Height: 3 m
Highbush Cranberry is a large deciduous shrub species that typically grows about 3 m in height. The branches on this shrub are dense with arching stems, creating a full form. The leaves are oppositely arranged, Maple leaf shaped, have 3 lobes, and have entire or toothed margins. The flowers are showy, creamy white coloured, appear in flat clusters with larger florets surrounding smaller ones, and bloom between May and June. These flowers change into drooping, bright red berry clusters that persist throughout the winter. While the berries are edible to humans, they are very tart when consumed raw so are typically cooked first. This shrub has very attractive fall foliage, changing a reddish purple colour. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. The fruit is beneficial to wildlife species, including birds and small mammals. The root system is extensive, making this shrub valuable for controlling erosion and stabilizing loose soil. This species can be found across Canada from Newfoundland to British Columbia, but is most commonly found in Ontario and Quebec.
Fragrant Sumac
Fragrant Sumac
Height: 1-2m
The Fragrant Sumac is a medium-sized deciduous shrub within the Cashew family. This species grows between 1-2 meters in height, is multi-stemmed, and produces a round, dense crown composed of erect and spreading branches. Between March and April, small yellow flower clusters bloom on the terminal ends of the branches prior to leaf development. Fruit development begins during late summer. Small, red, hairy berries are produced and can remain on the plant throughout the winter. Male catkins develop on the plant in September. Fragrant Sumac leaves are simple and arranged alternately along the branch. Leaves produced are simple and trifoliate with a large center lobe, appearing similar to Poison Ivy. During the spring and summer, the leaves are light green to green-yellow in colour turning a bright yellow to red or dark purple in autumn. Crushed leaves and stems of the Fragrant Sumac produce a fragrant citrus aroma, hence the common name. The aroma of this shrub is attractive to butterfly species, making it the perfect addition to any butterfly garden. The roots of the Fragrant Sumac are shallow, fibrous, and spread rapidly, making it an ideal choice for stabilizing shorelines and mitigating erosion on steep slopes. Unlike other Sumac species, Fragrant Sumac is significantly less aggressive and easily maintained.
Winterberry Holly
Winterberry Holly
Height: 3 m
Winterberry is a deciduous shrub species that typically grows about 3 m in height. The leaves are dark green coloured, alternately arranged, and have toothed margins. The flowers are small, greenish white coloured, not showy, and bloom between June and July. The fruits are attractive, bright red berries, which are not edible, only grow on female plants nearby male plants, and persist throughout the winter, hence the name. This plant spreads well and can form small colonies. The roots can useful for controlling erosion and stabilizing shorelines. The berries are highly beneficial to wildlife species, like birds and small mammals, throughout the winter.
Shrubby Cinquefoil
Shrubby Cinquefoil
Height: 1 m
Shrubby Cinquefoil is a hardy, deciduous shrub species that grows about 1 m in height. The stems are reddish brown to gray and appear shredded with age. The leaves are green to blueish green, narrow and elliptic shaped, hairy, alternately arranged, compound with 5 leaflets, and have entire margins. The flowers are showy, yellow, saucer shaped, have five petals, appear in small clusters on terminal branches, and bloom between June and September. In the fall, the flowers give way to an oval-shaped, brown fruit covered in white hairs. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. This is a popular shrub for ornamental use in gardens.
Pasture Rose
Pasture Rose
Height: 1.5 m
The Pasture Rose is a small, deciduous shrub which often spreads through suckers to form colonies or thickets in the wild. This species grows erect from a central base with sprawling branches, creating a dense, irregular bush. This shrub produces compound leaves, consisting of 5 to 7 leaflets arranged alternately along the branches. The Pasture Rose yields beautiful 5 centimeter wide white to pink flowers, which bloom in the early summer lasting for approximately a month. The rose hip fruit develops after the flower has died and turns bright red as it ripens. During the fall, the olive green leaves turn yellow to deep red or purple.
Sweet Gale
Sweet Gale
Height: 1-2m
Sweet Gale is a medium-sized shrub which grows into a thick bush about 1-2 m tall. This species produces 1-8 cm long, oblong-lanceolate leaves which are finely toothed at the tip and are spirally arranged. When bruised, these leaves give off a pleasant aroma. Male and female catkins are produced on separate plants. The seeds are dispersed from the female plants via water, as they float on two corky bracts. Sweet Gale grows best in moist or wet conditions, acidic soil, and full to partial sun exposure. It is naturally found in bogs, swamps, marshes, and along wet shorelines. This shrub species has nitrogen fixing bacteria in its root nodules, allowing it to convert nitrogen into a usable form. Thus, Sweet Gale can be used on nutrient poor, acidic sites, which may be difficult to plant on for other species. Additionally, being able to convert nitrogen and add nutrients to the soil can be beneficial for other plants in the area. This shrub also provides a good food source for bird species that eat the seeds including Grouse, Chickadees, and Bluebirds. Mammal species like Beavers and White-Tailed Deer also browse on the twigs and leaves of this plant.
Buttonbush
Buttonbush
Height: 2 m
Buttonbush is a small to medium-sized deciduous shrub species which typically grows about 2 m in height. This plant may also be known by the common name Button Willow. Twigs are slender to stout and dark red-brown in colour with white speckling. The leaves are bright green coloured, shiny, ovate shaped, oppositely arranged, and have entire margins. The flowers are tiny, tubular, white, fragrant, and appear densely on distinctive, spherical clusters in June. These flowers turn into a dense cluster of seeds, which remain on the plant throughout the winter. The flowers are beneficial for pollinator species, including hummingbirds and butterflies. This is a hardy, adaptable species and an excellent choice for planting on wet shoreline sites.
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
Height: 1-2m
The Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet is an erect, deciduous shrub, which grows in the shape of a mound. This species develops numerous branches and branchlets, giving it a sparse appearance. Leaves produced are simple and narrow with sharply toothed borders growing alternately along the branches. These bright, light green leaves appear crowded, as they grow close together on the stocks and branches. During the fall, leaves turn a yellow-red or yellow-orange colour. Small white to light pink flower clusters appear in the spring growing in a dense, narrow pyramid at the terminal ends of the branches. During late summer to early fall, these flowers produce smooth, papery seed pods.
Sweet Flag
Sweet Flag
Height: 1.5 m
Sweet Flag is a perennial wildflower species that can grow about 1.5 m in height. The basal leaves are bright green colored, sword shaped, have an off center mid-vein, and have a sweet fragrance when broken. The flowers are tiny, yellowish brown colored, appear in a finger-like spike cluster on a flowering stalk, and bloom between June and July. This plant closely resembles Cattail or Iris species. The roots are valuable for controlling erosion and stabilizing shorelines.
Red Osier Dogwood
Red Osier Dogwood
Height: 1.5-4m
The Red Osier Dogwood is a medium-sized, deciduous shrub native throughout Northern and Western North America. This species is multi-stemmed with numerous erect and ascending bright red branches that create a loose and spreading form. Leaves produced are simple, two-toned with a dark green upper side and light green underside. They are arranged opposite each other along the branches. During the fall, the foliage turns a brilliant red to dark purple. Clusters of small, creamy white flowers form on the terminal ends of the branches between June and July. The Red Osier Dogwood produces blueish-white fruiting bodies during late summer, which may persist throughout the winter. This shrub's berries provide an important winter food source for numerous species, from large deer to small wintering birds.
Oswego Tea (Red Bergamot)
Oswego Tea (Red Bergamot)
Height: 50 cm
Oswego Tea is a showy perennial wildflower species that typically grows about 50 cm in height. This plant may also be known by the common names Red Bergamot or Scarlet Beebalm. The leaves are dark green, oval shaped, have a minty fragrance. The unique flowers are bright red and grow in dense rounded clusters, with individual tubular flowers that bloom between May and October. The beautiful flowers of Oswego Tea attract various pollinator species like hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees. The Oswego Tea plant is susceptible to a common fungal disease, called powdery mildew, when planted in dry soils. Historically, the leaves of the plant have been used for antiseptic purposes, as well as poultices to heal minor wounds and skin infections.
Boneset
Boneset
Height: 1.5 m
Common Boneset is a wildflower species that can grow up to 1.5 m in height. This plant may also be known by the common name Thoroughwort. The leaves are oppositely arranged, dark green coloured, lanceolate shaped, wrinkly, have long narrow tips, serrated margins, and distinctively unite through the plant’s hairy stem. The flowers are tiny, white coloured, appear in flat-topped clusters, and bloom between July and September. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species, like bees and butterflies. All parts of the plant are toxic. This wildflower spreads well and can be used to naturalize un-vegetated areas.

Compartment A

Naturalization Area

Geese come up at this point. Important to maintain water views at this viewpoint. Canada Anemone present. Enhance with low flowering shrubs for partial shade and wildflowers.
  • pH: normal
  • Moisture: normal, moist
  • Soil Type: loamy
  • Plant Height: max 1.5m
  • Light conditions: shade
Ninebark
1
Kalm St. Johns Wort
6
Wild Geranium
3
False Solomon's seal
3
Ostrich Fern
2

Compartment B

Naturalization Area

Only low plants along waters edge to maintain views but deter geese.
  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot, wildflowers
  • Moisture: normal, moist
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: max 1.5m, max 2m, max 3m
  • Light conditions: full sun, partial sun
Kalm St. Johns Wort
6
Pussy Willow
6
Snowberry
4
Black Elderberry
6
Highbush Cranberry
4
Fragrant Sumac
6

Compartment C

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot
  • Moisture: normal, moist
  • Soil Type: loamy
  • Plant Height: max 1.5m
  • Light conditions: full sun
Winterberry Holly
2
Shrubby Cinquefoil
6
Pasture Rose
5
Sweet Gale
4
Buttonbush
3

Compartment D

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted, bareroot
  • Moisture: normal, moist
  • Soil Type: sandy, loamy
  • Plant Height: max 1.5m, max 2m
  • Light conditions: full sun
Pasture Rose
10
Sweet Gale
6
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
10
Sweet Flag
4

Compartment E

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Moisture: normal, moist
  • Soil Type: sandy
Ninebark
2
Fragrant Sumac
2
Shrubby Cinquefoil
4
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet
6
Sweet Flag
3
Red Osier Dogwood
3
Oswego Tea (Red Bergamot)
3
Boneset
3

Schedule B

Financial Summary

Project by: Quinte Conservation


The following section outlines the total cost of your project. It has been divided into 2 sections; 1- Plants and Material, 2- Services. It also includes the breakdown of the landowner contribution and the portion that will be paid by Watersheds Canada, as outlined in the Project Costs Total table.

The Natural Edge program has received generous funding to help support the costs of plants, materials, and project coordination and delivery, making this program possible.

Potted stock

Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Ninebark 3 $13.00 $39.00
Fragrant Sumac 2 $13.00 $26.00
Winterberry Holly 2 $13.00 $26.00
Total Potted plant stock 7 $91.00

Bareroot stock

Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Kalm St. Johns Wort 12 $2.50 $30.00
Pussy Willow 6 $2.50 $15.00
Snowberry 4 $2.50 $10.00
Black Elderberry 6 $2.50 $15.00
Highbush Cranberry 4 $2.50 $10.00
Fragrant Sumac 6 $2.50 $15.00
Shrubby Cinquefoil 10 $2.50 $25.00
Pasture Rose 15 $2.50 $37.50
Sweet Gale 10 $2.50 $25.00
Buttonbush 3 $2.50 $7.50
Narrow Leaved Meadowsweet 16 $2.50 $40.00
Red Osier Dogwood 3 $2.50 $7.50
Total Bareroot plant stock 95 $237.50

Wildflower stock

Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Wild Geranium 3 $4.00 $12.00
False Solomon's seal 3 $4.00 $12.00
Ostrich Fern 2 $4.00 $8.00
Sweet Flag 7 $4.00 $28.00
Oswego Tea (Red Bergamot) 3 $4.00 $12.00
Boneset 3 $4.00 $12.00
Total Wildflowers plant stock 21 $84.00

Tending materials

Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Mulch 123 $2.00 $246.00
Total Tending materials $246.00

Totals

1-Plants and materials
Bareroot plant stock $237.50
Potted plant stock $91.00
Wildflower plant stock $84.00
Tending materials $246.00
Plants & Materials $658.50
2-Services Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Quinte Conservation's Site visit (Site visit in-kind) 1 on 07/09/2020 $0.00 $0.00
Plant stocking 123 $2.00 $246.00
Mulching & tree guard installation 123 $1.50 $184.50
Shipping & handling of materials $25.00
Planting plan $350.00
Project management and delivery $400.00
Administration fee $20.00
Services total $1,225.50

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Total Project Costs Subtotal
Total project value (including in kind contributions) $1,699.50
Total eligible costs (excluding in kind contributions) $1,884.00
Quinte Conservation's contribution (75% of eligible costs) $1,413.00
Landowner contribution (25% of eligible costs) $471.00

Schedule C

Project Agreement

Stewardship Agreement

Please indicate your agreement to this proposed plan by signing the following Stewardship Agreement and submitting it, along with your financial contribution, to:

Quinte Conservation
2061 Old Highway #2 RR#2, Belleville, Ontario K8N4Z2

Plant Availability

Please note that plant species may need to be changed based on plant stock availability at the time of ordering.

Project Completion

Upon receiving your signed stewardship agreement and financial contribution, a date will be booked to complete the project. Watersheds Canada will supply all plants, materials, and planting labour. If there are particular dates that you would prefer, we will do our best to accommodate your requests.

The Natural Edge Stewardship Agreement with Quinte Conservation

Agreement made this 7th Day of the Month of August in the Year 2020.

BETWEEN Nancy Stephenson, 95 Thomlinson Lane, Belleville, Ontario, (Hereinafter called the OWNERS)

AND Quinte Conservation, 2061 Old Highway #2 RR#2, Belleville, Ontario K8N4Z2, (Hereinafter called QC)

WHEREAS the Owners and QC have met and discussed plans for shoreline naturalization on the specified area(s) in Schedule A existing on the Owners’ land;
WHEREAS the Owners indicate approval of the project as proposed; and
WHEREAS the project is, or will be for the benefit of the Owners and others;

1. This Agreement shall be in effect for a period of 5 years, commencing with the date of this Agreement.

2. The Owners and QC agree that the areas where the work is to be performed is as described in Schedule A.

3. The Owners grant QC, its contractors, employees and agents, the right to enter the property to perform the work agreed upon as outlined in Schedule A. In addition, QC, its contractors, employees and agents may inspect the work performed for the purposes of monitoring the project and survival assessment, with prior agreement with Owners for date and time of inspection.

4. The Owners agree to contribute the “Landowner contribution (25% of eligible costs)” and pay the costs indicated in Schedule B.

5. In instances where the Owners are to pay QC for work to be performed (outlined in Schedule A), the Owners agree to provide payments to QC prior to the commencement of that operation. Failure of payment shall constitute a breach of this Agreement and the Owners agree this Agreement will be terminated and thereupon the Owners agree to pay QC the estimated costs of the operations of the project completed, if any.

6. The Owners agree, if necessary, to perform a reasonable amount of maintenance, which is described in the Native Plant Care Guide, available at watersheds.ca.

7. If the contractor is required to perform the work outlined in Schedule A, then the contractor carrying out the work on the land described will be required to take out and furnish evidence of a comprehensive policy of public liability and property damage coverage. The contractor and their workers will be required to be in good standing with the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board prior to performing the work.

8. The Owners agree not to remove, destroy or alter the project without prior consultation and approval of QC. Pruning and trimming planted nursery stock, or adding replacement native nursery stock is exempt.

9. The Owners agree not to mow the planted area.

10. The Owners do acknowledge that QC, its contractors, employees and agents, having performed said works, are not under further obligation with respect to survival of nursery stock, inspection, or maintenance.

11. The Owners, in the absence of negligence, hereby remises, releases and forever discharges QC, its contractors, employees and agents from all claims and demands for injuries, including death, loss, damages and costs in any way related to or connected with installation and maintenance of the work described or resulting from any deleterious effects of the work to the land or to the lands and buildings thereon retained by the Owners.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties have agreed to the contents of this plan; SIGNED:

Quinte Conservation

Representative Signature:

This is your organizational representative's signature.

Nancy Stephenson

Owner Signature:

About this program

About Quinte Conservation

Quinte Conservation is a community based environmental protection agency that serves 18 municipalities in the watersheds of the Moira, Napanee and Salmon Rivers and Prince Edward County. Our programs, services and working alongside residents create a sustainable ecosystem where people and nature live in harmony.


This program was created by Watersheds Canada

We believe that every person has the right to access clean and healthy lakes and rivers in Canada. At Watersheds Canada, we work to keep these precious places naturally clean and healthy for people and wildlife to continue using for years to come. We love working with others to meet the needs of local communities, whether you’re a concerned citizen, a landowner, a lake association looking for help, or a coalition of groups interested in activating your local community.