Lodewijk & Margit Swinkles-te Nijenhuis

Harbard Road 149 C , Wellers Bay - Shoreline Planting Starter Kit

Planting plan created by Quinte Conservation
Survey Date: 08/07/2020

Schedule A:

Plants & Property

Land Characteristics

This planting plan is designed based on the land characteristics identified during the day of the site visit. Plants are chosen according to the soil and light conditions on your property. The number of plants chosen for each planting compartment takes into account the square metre area of the space, as well as the amount of current vegetation cover. Your property is part of ecoZone: 6a

Land Characteristics by Compartment

Length Width Area pH Soil Moisture Light Height
A 0m 0m 0m2 normalsandydryfull sunany
B 13m 2m 26m2 normalloamy, humusnormal, moistfull sun, partial sunany
C 17m 2m 34m2 normalloamy, humusnormal, moistfull sunany
D 17m 2m 34m2 normalloamy, humusmoist, wetfull sunany
E 15m 2m 30m2 normalloamy, humusmoist, wetfull sunany
F 0m 0m 0m2 normalloamynormalfull sun
62m 1.33m 124m2

Plant Selection Summary

The following shrubs and trees are chosen for their suitability and survivability given the current soil and light conditions in each compartment on your property, as well as preferable features.

Plant Species ABCDEF Potted Bareroot Wildflower
American Mountain Ash 1 1
American Sycamore 121 2 2
Eastern White Cedar 1 1
Black Cherry 1 1
Red Oak 2 2
Silver Maple 11 2
Yellow Birch 11 2
Black Elderberry 23 5
Ninebark 2311 2 5
Black Chokeberry 3 3
Nannyberry 2 2
Allegheny Serviceberry 3 3
Witch Hazel 11 2
Tamarack 1 1
Sweet Oxeye 3 3
Swamp Rose 3 3
Buttonbush 2 2
Cardinal Flower 2 2
Dense Blazing Star 2 2
Three-lobed Coneflower 2 2
Subtotal 84147152 24 15 11
Totals 50

Plant Information

The following table summarizes key information about each plant selected for your property.

American Mountain Ash
American Mountain Ash
Height: 10m
American Mountain Ash is a medium-sized tree that typically grows up to 10 m tall. The leaves of American Mountain Ash are compound, with 13-17 leaflets that have toothed margins and are 5-10 cm long. This species produces a full, symmetrical crown which grows clusters of small white flowers during the spring. The flowers develop into bunches of berries that turn a vibrant red-orange colour in the fall. Several bird species are drawn to the berries, making it a favourite tree to plant among bird watchers.
American Sycamore
American Sycamore
Height: 35m
American Sycamore is a large, fast-growing deciduous tree that can reach heights up to 35 m and is known to be one of the largest trees in Eastern North America. It may also be referred to as Eastern Sycamore, Buttonwood, Buttonball-tree, or American Plane-tree. The outer bark of American Sycamore is a mottled reddish-brown colour and has scales that flake off to reveal white inner bark. The leaves are 10-20 cm, bright green coloured, with 3-5 lobes, and have irregularly toothed margins. The flowers are tiny and arranged in dense heads, with male flowers being yellowish-green, and female flowers reddish in colour. The female flowers develop into fuzzy, brownish fruiting balls that are 2.5-3 cm and mature in early fall. The seeds from American Sycamore are consumed by small mammals and, less frequently songbirds.
Eastern White Cedar
Eastern White Cedar
Height: 15m
Eastern White Cedar is a small evergreen tree which can usually live up to 300 years, although some individuals reaching 700 years old have been found. White Cedar produces unique green, opposite, scale-like leaves, which can take a fan-shaped form. The bark is also distinguishable as it is reddish-brown, stringy and flaky, making it easy to peel off into long strips. White Cedars are also prone to heart-rot, leaving many trees with hollow centres. However, dried cedar bark is decay resistant making it a great option for use as fence posts or cedar-strip canoes. In addition, this species was historically used by indigenous people to prevent scurvy, earning the name 'tree of life'.
Black Cherry
Black Cherry
Height: 20-30m
The Black Cherry is a medium-sized deciduous tree which can tolerate a wide variety of light, soil and moisture conditions. This species is native to North America. The Black Cherry is commonly found in mixed, broad-leafed forests. This cherry species produces a slender trunk and a narrow, irregular crown with arching branches and drooping tips. Leaves are simple and grow alternately along the branch. Small, white flower clusters appear in May and turn to reddish cherries during early summer and ripen by late August. These cherries provide a food source for songbirds and small mammals. Black Cherry Roots are shallow and wide-spreading.
Red Oak
Red Oak
Height: 30m
The Red Oak, also referred to as the Northern Red Oak or Champion Oak, is a slow growing, hardwood, deciduous tree found throughout Eastern and areas of Central Ontario. This species can grow to be quite tall and has a single, large trunk. The bark is smooth, dark gray in colour, and develops deep ridges with age. The crown of the Red Oak is created by several main branches as well as horizontal and ascending branches. It is uneven and irregular, but generally round in form. Leaves produced are between 10-20 cm long with 7-9 sharp and pointed lobes. During the summer, the leaves are a dull green but in the fall turn a brilliant deep red to yellow-orange. The Red Oak is monoecious, producing male and female flowers on the same tree. Male flowers produced are hanging catkins growing from the leaf axils of the previous year, while the female flowers are grown from the leaf axils of the current year. Fruiting bodies produced by this species are 3 cm long, round shaped acorns with a scaly cap covering a quarter of the body. Red Oak Acorns require approximately two years to reach maturation.
Silver Maple
Silver Maple
Height: 30m
The Silver Maple is a fast growing, deciduous Maple tree famous for its majestic, mature form. This species has a broad, round crown that sits on top of a tall straight trunk. Its ascending branches give this tree a full, bushy appearance. Silver Maple leaves can be differentiated from other Maple leaves due to the deep notches on their lobes. It has a silvery white colour on its underside in contrast to bright, light green topside. During the fall, the leaves on the Silver Maple turn a reddish orange to bright golden yellow. Between late April and May, inconspicuous, small greenish red flowers bloom and by June turn to yellowish-green or brownish pairs of winged keys. The Silver Maple's shallow, spreading root system and ability to withstand flood and drought make it an excellent tree to utilize for erosion control and shoreline stabilization.
Yellow Birch
Yellow Birch
Height: 25 m
Yellow Birch is a native deciduous tree species that can grow up to 25 m in height. The bark is thin, flaky, shiny, and can be brownish-yellow, bronze, or silvery colored. The leaves are deep greenish-yellow, simple, alternately arranged, oval shaped, have doubly serrated edges, and are about 8-11 cm long. This tree species produces catkins in April-May, which are slim, cylinder shaped, yellowish brown flower clusters. In the Fall, seed pods are produced that are brown colored, cone shaped, and break apart easily. Yellow Birch is a slow growing tree but can live up to 150 years. This tree species is beneficial to wildlife species like birds and mammals.
Black Elderberry
Black Elderberry
Height: 4 m
The Black Elderberry is a large, fast-growing, deciduous shrub or small tree. This species tolerates a variety of conditions and is commonly found in sunny locations with well-drained soils. Black Elderberry can be single or multi-stalked with numerous branches creating a full, round body. Leaves are compound, with 5-7 leaflets that grow opposite each other along the branch. During the fall, leaves tend to turn a pale yellow. During late May to early June, this species produces flowers that are ivory white and grow in flat topped clusters. By late August, flowers turn to glossy, deep purple fruit, which attract a variety of wildlife like songbirds and small mammals. Ripe fruit is edible for humans and is commonly made into jams and jellies. The root system of this species is shallow, and can form colonies through suckering.
Ninebark
Ninebark
Height: 2-3m
The Common Ninebark is a very hardy, large, deciduous shrub naturally occurring within riparian zones. This species is often planted as an ornamental shrub for its exfoliating bark which reveals reddish-light brown inner bark. This shrub is multi-stemmed with numerous horizontal and ascending branches creating a full, round shape. The Common Ninebark produces dull green, ovate to round shaped leaves with three to five lobes per leaf. During the fall the leaves turn brilliant yellow or dark purple. Between May and June, showy, bell-shaped flowers bloom in clusters on the terminal ends of the branches. During the summer, these flowers give way to small green or green-yellow berries which turn a bright red upon ripening.
Black Chokeberry
Black Chokeberry
Height: 1-3m
The Black Chokeberry is a medium sized deciduous shrub with edible fruit. This species requires full sun to partial shade and can tolerate soil conditions from loamy and moist to rocky and dry. Naturally, Black Chokeberry is found in wet wooded areas such as; swamps, along shorelines, and within forest understory. This species is multi-stemmed, and forms thickets from stems which arise from the roots. Leaves are simple, growing alternately along the branch turning a bold red to orange during the fall. During spring, clusters of showy, white flowers appear turning into dark purple berries by fall. This species is resistant to drought, insects, pollution, and disease. The Black Chokeberry is often cultivated as an ornamental plant and food product. Additionally, this species is useful for bank stabilization and erosion control applications.
Nannyberry
Nannyberry
Height: 3 m
Nannyberry is a large deciduous shrub species that typically grows about 3 m in height. The leaves are dark green, ovate shaped, oppositely arranged, have a pointed tip, and have finely toothed margins. The flowers are showy, white colored, appear in flat topped clusters, and bloom in May. These flowers produce blueish black berries, which are edible to humans and persist throughout the winter. The flowers are beneficial to pollinator species , like bees and butteries. The fruit is beneficial to wildlife species, including birds and small mammals. This shrub has attractive fall foliage. The root system is extensive, making this plant valuable for controlling erosion and stabilizing loose soil. This shrub can be pruned to have a single stem and grown as a small tree instead of a shrub.
Allegheny Serviceberry
Allegheny Serviceberry
Height: 3-10 m
The Allegheny Serviceberry is an attractive deciduous shrub species that can reach about 3 m as a shrub or up to 10 m as a tree. This plant may also be known by the common name Smooth Serviceberry. It can be grown either in the form of a single stem tree or multi-stemmed shrub comprised of two or three smaller trunks. The leaves are dark green, alternately arranged, oval shaped, and have finely toothed margins. The flowers are showy, fragrant, have 5 petals, appear in drooping clusters, and bloom in April before the leaves emerge. The flowers produce small reddish purple to black berries, which are edible and flavorful to humans. The fruit is beneficial to wildlife species, including birds and small mammals. The root system is valuable for controlling erosion and stabilizing loose soil. This plant is often used for ornamental purposes as a small tree in urban areas.
Witch Hazel
Witch Hazel
Height: 4-9m
The Witch Hazel is a deciduous understory shrub, with a broad and rounded crown. This species can sometimes take on the form of a tree. Witch Hazel is most recognizable for its 2 cm long, spidery, bright yellow flowers, which bloom during late fall. Leaves produced are alternate, simple, 6-15 cm in length, and obovately shaped. These leaves are dark green on top with paler undersides and turn yellow during the autumn. Witch Hazel leaves produce hairs on their principal veins, are asymmetrical at their base, scalloped, and sometimes coarsely toothed. In addition, the leaves contain 5-7 straight, parallel, ascending veins per side. The twigs are slender, zigzagged, tawny, and smooth when mature. Witch Hazel fruiting bodies are short, thick, light brown capsules that become woody upon maturation. This species is typically multi-stemmed with two or more trunks, which are crooked and 10-15 cm in diameter.
Tamarack
Tamarack
Height: 20 m
Tamarack is a small to medium sized, deciduous coniferous tree species that grows up to 20 m tall. This plant may also be known by the common name American Larch. The bark is scaly and reddish brown coloured. The needles are delicate, 2-4 cm long, blueish-green coloured, grow in clusters of 15 to 25, and change golden yellow in the fall. This tree provides food and habitat for wildlife species, including birds and mammals. Tamarack is a fast-growing, long lived species that can live up to 150 years and is found across all of Canada. The wood from this tree is decay-resistant and has been used to make railway ties, posts, and crates. Tamarack is considered unique because it is the only conifer species to drop its needles in the fall.
Sweet Oxeye
Sweet Oxeye
Height: 2m
Sweet Oxeye, also known as False Sunflower, is an attractive, herbaceous, perennial wildflower, which can grow to almost 2 m tall. The flowers are perched atop a stiff stem, with a brownish-yellow center cone surrounded by bright yellow to orange rays. Leaves are 5-12 cm long and 2-8 cm wide, oppositely arranged along the stem, ovate to lanceolate in shape, and have a toothed margin. This wildflower grows best in moist, well-drained soils, preferring full sun, but will tolerate partial shade. Some common natural habitats for the Sweet Oxeye are prairies, meadows, forest edges, and stream banks. Sweet Oxeye is drought tolerant so could be planted in difficult dry sites, but will grow best with regular watering. A large variety of insect species are attracted to the Sweet Oxeye, making it a great addition to a habitat garden.
Swamp Rose
Swamp Rose
Height: 2m
The Swamp Rose is a beautiful perennial shrub species. It is visually appealing with large pink flowers that last about 6-8 weeks. These flowers have five pink petals, a yellow center, and a pleasant fragrance. This species produces oblong shaped, compound leaves comprised of seven leaflets with serrated edges. The Swamp Rose produces red, round, fleshy fruit called rose hips, which remain on the bush throughout winter. These fruiting bodies provide a winter food source for wildlife, such as Grouse, Black Bears, Deer, and Rabbits. Swamp Rose may be confused with Prickly Wild Rose, which has a similar appearance. However, Swamp Rose can easily be distinguished by the presence of curved thorns, which appear at the nodes of the twigs without any occurring between the nodes. Swamp Rose grows best in moist, rich soils such as swamps and marshy shorelines. However, this species can also tolerate drier, loamy soils.
Buttonbush
Buttonbush
Height: 2 m
Buttonbush is a small to medium-sized deciduous shrub species which typically grows about 2 m in height. This plant may also be known by the common name Button Willow. Twigs are slender to stout and dark red-brown in colour with white speckling. The leaves are bright green coloured, shiny, ovate shaped, oppositely arranged, and have entire margins. The flowers are tiny, tubular, white, fragrant, and appear densely on distinctive, spherical clusters in June. These flowers turn into a dense cluster of seeds, which remain on the plant throughout the winter. The flowers are beneficial for pollinator species, including hummingbirds and butterflies. This is a hardy, adaptable species and an excellent choice for planting on wet shoreline sites.
Cardinal Flower
Cardinal Flower
Height: 1 m
Cardinal Flower is an attractive herbaceous perennial wildflower that can grown up to 1 m tall. The leaves are mostly basal, dark green, lance shaped, alternately arranged, and have finely toothed margins. The flowers are showy, bright cardinal red colored, tubular with five lips, appear on an erect terminal spike, and bloom between July and September. The flowers are beneficial for pollinator species, like butterflies and hummingbirds. This is a popular plant choice for wet shoreline properties because of its visual appeal and ornamental value.
Dense Blazing Star
Dense Blazing Star
Height: 30-60 cm
Dense Blazing Star is a tall clump-forming perennial wildflower species that can grow between 30 and 60 cm. It has an erect central stem (no branching) that is smooth and purplish/green with many grass-like leaves circulating alternately around it. The leaves are long, narrow, and hairy with one noticeable central vein. This plant is very noticeable when in bloom as it has a wand-like spike of purplish/pink flowers at the top of the central stem. The flowers consist of 4-10 disk florets with a tubular corolla that opens up to 5 spreading star-like lobes and a deeply split protruding style. It prefers moist, well-drained areas such as meadows, moist fields, and along river of lake shorelines. It attracts lots of butterflies and pollinators, as well as mammals such as deer and rabbits. Unfortunately, Dense Blazing Star is listed as threatened under SARA in Ontario. It's main threat is habitat loss due to urban development and habitat alteration. It only naturally occurs in southwestern Ontario with 11-13 known populations. Therefore, this is a great species to plant in suitable areas in Ontario to help protect a threatened species.
Three-lobed Coneflower
Three-lobed Coneflower
Height: 1.5 m
Three-lobed Coneflower is a short-lived perennial or biennial wildflower that grows up to 1.5 m tall. Three-lobed Coneflower may also be referred to as Brown-eyed Susan, Thin-leaved Coneflower, or Three-lobed Rudbeckia. The lower leaves of Three-lobed Coneflower are lobed, while the upper leaves are lance-elliptic in shape and sharply pointed. The flowers have 6 to 13 golden yellow petals with several notches at the tips and a dark purplish-brown center disk. Three-lobed Coneflower attracts several native pollinator species, including Bumblebees.

Compartment A

Naturalization Area

Trees for a well drained area. Plant up the property edge.
  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted
  • Moisture: dry
  • Soil Type: sandy
  • Plant Height: any
  • Light conditions: full sun
American Mountain Ash
1
American Sycamore
1
Eastern White Cedar
1
Black Cherry
1
Red Oak
2
Silver Maple
1
Yellow Birch
1

Compartment B

Naturalization Area

Already Highbush cranberry.
  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted
  • Moisture: normal, moist
  • Soil Type: loamy, humus
  • Plant Height: any
  • Light conditions: full sun, partial sun
Black Elderberry
2
Ninebark
2

Compartment C

Naturalization Area

High shrubs and trees. Attract wildlife.
  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted
  • Moisture: normal, moist
  • Soil Type: loamy, humus
  • Plant Height: any
  • Light conditions: full sun
Black Elderberry
3
Ninebark
3
Black Chokeberry
3
Nannyberry
2
Allegheny Serviceberry
3

Compartment D

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted
  • Moisture: moist, wet
  • Soil Type: loamy, humus
  • Plant Height: any
  • Light conditions: full sun
Yellow Birch
1
Ninebark
1
Witch Hazel
1
Tamarack
1
Sweet Oxeye
3

Compartment E

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted
  • Moisture: moist, wet
  • Soil Type: loamy, humus
  • Plant Height: any
  • Light conditions: full sun
American Sycamore
2
Ninebark
1
Witch Hazel
1
Swamp Rose
3
Buttonbush
2
Cardinal Flower
2
Dense Blazing Star
2
Three-lobed Coneflower
2

Compartment F

Naturalization Area

  • pH: normal
  • Depth: potted
  • Moisture: normal
  • Soil Type: loamy
  • Light conditions: full sun
American Sycamore
1
Silver Maple
1

Schedule B

Financial Summary

Project by: Quinte Conservation


Shoreline Re-Naturalization Starter Kit includes: free site visit, customized re-naturalization planting plan for your shoreline property, native plants including free bare root (small) and potted (large) plants and wildflowers, coconut fibre pads to deter grass from growing around new plantings, tree guards for all deciduous trees, mulch for your wildflowers, Plant Care Guide with instructions on how to take care of your new plants, Habitat Creation Guide and a Wildflower Garden Guide.

Our planting plans are created onsite with you and provide detailed information and plans to re-naturalize your shoreline property. We take photos of areas for planting and overlay native plants that are well suited to your property based on site conditions such as soil type and sunlight availability.

We will work with you to create a plan that works for you including options for low growing plants in areas where views are important.

Item Quantity Cost/Item Subtotal
Starter Kit fee $250
Free potted plants 23 $0 $0
Paid potted plants 1 $13.00 $13.00
Free bareroot plants 15 $0 $0
Free wildflowers 12 $0 $0
Total costs $263.00

Schedule C

Project Agreement

Stewardship Agreement

Please indicate your agreement to this proposed plan by signing the following Stewardship Agreement and submitting it, along with your financial contribution, to:

Quinte Conservation
2061 Old Highway #2 RR#2, Belleville, Ontario K8N4Z2

Plant Availability

Please note that plant species may need to be changed based on plant stock availability at the time of ordering.

Project Completion

Upon receiving your signed stewardship agreement and financial contribution, a date will be booked to complete the project. Watersheds Canada will supply all plants, materials, and planting labour. If there are particular dates that you would prefer, we will do our best to accommodate your requests.

The Natural Edge Stewardship Agreement with Quinte Conservation

Agreement made this            Day of the Month of            in the Year           .

BETWEEN Lodewijk & Margit Swindles-te Nijenhuis, Harbard Road 149 C , Carrying Place, Ontario, (Hereinafter called the OWNERS)

AND Quinte Conservation, 2061 Old Highway #2 RR#2, Belleville, Ontario K8N4Z2, (Hereinafter called QC)

WHEREAS the Owners and QC have met and discussed plans for shoreline naturalization on the specified area(s) in Schedule A existing on the Owners’ land;
WHEREAS the Owners indicate approval of the project as proposed; and
WHEREAS the project is, or will be for the benefit of the Owners and others;

1. This Agreement shall be in effect for a period of 5 years, commencing with the date of this Agreement.

2. The Owners and QC agree that the areas where the work is to be performed is as described in Schedule A.

3. The Owners grant QC, its contractors, employees and agents, the right to enter the property to perform the work agreed upon as outlined in Schedule A. In addition, QC, its contractors, employees and agents may inspect the work performed for the purposes of monitoring the project and survival assessment, with prior agreement with Owners for date and time of inspection.

4. The Owners agree to contribute the “Landowner contribution (25% of eligible costs)” and pay the costs indicated in Schedule B.

5. In instances where the Owners are to pay QC for work to be performed (outlined in Schedule A), the Owners agree to provide payments to QC prior to the commencement of that operation. Failure of payment shall constitute a breach of this Agreement and the Owners agree this Agreement will be terminated and thereupon the Owners agree to pay QC the estimated costs of the operations of the project completed, if any.

6. The Owners agree, if necessary, to perform a reasonable amount of maintenance, which is described in the Native Plant Care Guide, available at watersheds.ca.

7. If the contractor is required to perform the work outlined in Schedule A, then the contractor carrying out the work on the land described will be required to take out and furnish evidence of a comprehensive policy of public liability and property damage coverage. The contractor and their workers will be required to be in good standing with the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board prior to performing the work.

8. The Owners agree not to remove, destroy or alter the project without prior consultation and approval of QC. Pruning and trimming planted nursery stock, or adding replacement native nursery stock is exempt.

9. The Owners agree not to mow the planted area.

10. The Owners do acknowledge that QC, its contractors, employees and agents, having performed said works, are not under further obligation with respect to survival of nursery stock, inspection, or maintenance.

11. The Owners, in the absence of negligence, hereby remises, releases and forever discharges QC, its contractors, employees and agents from all claims and demands for injuries, including death, loss, damages and costs in any way related to or connected with installation and maintenance of the work described or resulting from any deleterious effects of the work to the land or to the lands and buildings thereon retained by the Owners.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the parties have agreed to the contents of this plan; SIGNED:

Quinte Conservation

Representative Signature:

This is your organizational representative's signature.

Lodewijk & Margit Swindles-te Nijenhuis

Owner Signature:

About this program

About Quinte Conservation

Quinte Conservation is a community based environmental protection agency that serves 18 municipalities in the watersheds of the Moira, Napanee and Salmon Rivers and Prince Edward County. Our programs, services and working alongside residents create a sustainable ecosystem where people and nature live in harmony.


This program was created by Watersheds Canada

We believe that every person has the right to access clean and healthy lakes and rivers in Canada. At Watersheds Canada, we work to keep these precious places naturally clean and healthy for people and wildlife to continue using for years to come. We love working with others to meet the needs of local communities, whether you’re a concerned citizen, a landowner, a lake association looking for help, or a coalition of groups interested in activating your local community.